Outdoor Electrical Lighting During Christmastime


One of the best ways to protect your home is by using a series of lights around the outside. Strong, bright outdoor security lights are necessary for when you are trying to keep people from getting near your house when it is dark outside.

By using security lights with sturdy light fixtures, you will help keep thieves and burglars from trying to enter into your property. With security lights, it helps you identify who or what is skulking around your home. You can even use these lights to give off the impression that someone is at home even when you are away.

You must look carefully as you aim to find great security lights. But which lights should you go for and where should you place them? Solar security lights, outdoor motion detector lights, LED lights, and standard outdoor security flood lights to name but a few can help improve security around your home and keep potential burglars away. This guide is all about knowing how to find useful security lights and how to position them around your property. Using such lights in the right way is vital when you are aiming to stay protected and safe. However, the variety of options for you to choose from can make it a challenge to figure out what might work best for your individual property and the surrounding environment.

Where Should You Position Your Lights?

When setting up security lights, you have to look at where you will place them. You can add security lights anywhere around your home but it helps to create a map for where each light will be placed.

A map can factor in many things around your property. The map will analyze spaces around your home and electric outlets or wires for connections. You can also review how well a light might work based on the areas it can illuminate.

Outdoor Lighting Buying Guide

Outdoor lighting is specially designed for outdoor applications along exterior walls, ceilings, and floors. Outdoor lighting offers a variety of value to outdoor settings from functional to aesthetic, and includes many types of applications and fixture types. Each outfoor setting requires a variety of outdoor lighting systems that provides security and safety, and enhances the aesthetic value of outdoor properties. Outdoor lighting can work to illuminate dark settings, providing functional illumination along pathways, and highlight landscape features. Outdoor fixtures can include solar, hardwire, and plug-in designs.

How Do I Choose The Best Quality Outdoor Lighting?

Lighting fixtures desginated for outdoor use are constructed from a range of durable materials including marine-grade plastics and metals that will retain its functional and aesthetic value when exposed to light, heat, and moisture. Outdoor light fixtures are typically applied UV-resistant and non-corrosive coating to protect it from continual outdoor exposure to the elements. This ensures that the lighting fixture will not degrade over time when exposed to outdoor elements. A grading specification is used by manufacturers to determine the optimal conditions for outdoor lighting

These include:

UL Damp Location Rating: Appropriate for lights that are partially covered or protected

Wet Location Rating: Appropriate for use in any open-air environment

Solid Aluminum or Marine Grade Resin: Appropriate for use near ocean or beachside properties, will withstand the corrosive effext of salt, moisture, and air

How Do I Determine The Best Light Bulb To Use?

Lighting fixtures for the outdoors are typically compatible with LED, incandescent, and fluorescent light bulbs. Fluorescent light bulbs are not recommended for outdoor settings. Each type of bulb has different characteristics that are suited for specific lifestyles, settings, and uses.

Incandescent Light Bulbs

Advantages: Most common option for outdoor lighting, “warm” light color, inexpensive

Disadvantages: Least energy efficient, requires replacement often

LED Light Bulbs

Advantages: Energy efficient, can last up to 10,000 hours

Disadvantages: Expensive, light color varies


Do you know what IP rating your outdoor lights need to have? Outdoor lighting has become ever more accessible with the development of low-voltage lighting and LED technology, but your lights will need to have a certain IP rating depending on where they will be installed and what they will be used for. Different installations and locations require different IP ratings, so let us walk you through the various IP ratings for outdoor lights to help ensure you choose the best and safest option.

What is an IP Rating?

IP stands for Ingress Protection and all lights and fittings are rated on this feature. The IP rating scale essentially ranks the light source by how effectively it is protected from exterior elements such as liquids or solid objects, and this will dictate where your lights can be installed and how much moisture or external force it can safely come into contact with.

If you’re not familiar with what an IP rating looks like, it is always indicated by the initials ‘IP’ followed by two digits. The first digit indicates the level of protection from solid objects that particular light source has, while the second digit indicates how water-resistant the light is. The higher the digits, the more protection the light source has. Both digits hold relevance for outdoor lighting, so you will need to take both into account when choosing your lighting.

Why Do Outdoor Lights Need Different IP Ratings?

Lights can come into contact with a great deal of external substances and objects when placed outside, especially in comparison with indoor lights. This means that, for safety’s sake, adequate protection must be in place to prevent damage to the light and, more importantly, to protect people from electric shock and injury.

When placed outdoors, your lights can come into contact with all sorts of external forces including being accidentally touched or stepped on, deliberate tampering, accidental force from tools and spades, wildlife activity, dust, dirt and wiring. And that’s not to mention rain, wind and water submersion. All of these elements can cause damage and malfunctioning in your outdoor lighting if it doesn’t have the correct level of protection for where it is placed and the elements it comes into contact with.


When was the last time you inspected your outdoor lighting? Landscape and security lighting go hand-in-hand, helping to brighten up your home, boost curb appeal, and provide you with additional safety and security for your home and family.

Work with a professional electrician and outdoor lighting expert to help design a landscape lighting plan to solve your security and aesthetic needs. Since the days are shorter and the nights are longer, winter is a great time to assess your outdoor lighting situation.

Where to Add Light Around the Home

Your outdoor lighting should be a mix of different lighting and mounting tights and strategies for different areas around the home. Here is a list of some of the things you should consider lighting around your home and the best methods for doing so


Pathway lighting is essential for avoiding trips, falls, and other accidents around your stairs and pathways. In addition to seeing where you are going, you will also be able to better detect who may be coming toward your home. Consider low-voltage lights that are low to the ground for your pathway lights.

Pathway lights can be solar or electrical, but are almost always some form of small post with a light at the top. Light is typically diffused to spread the glow around. Pathway lights are probably the most popular form of outdoor lighting, used for everything from paths and ponds to driveways and entertainment spaces.


Consider under-lighting for your stairs to light up each and every step. They aren’t just practical, they are also beautiful and are easy to install. Similar lights and accents can be used for your walls and lighting up swimming pools, patios, and other entertainment spaces.

Outdoor lighting

It’s a crucial feature both inside and outside our homes: the right lighting is a must-have from a practical point of view, but it’s also one of the best ways to influence the look and feel of a space and create a certain ambience. Take a look at our fantastic outdoor lighting range and illuminate your property’s outdoor space any which way you choose. From stake lights to string lights, lanterns through to LED signs; our full selection of styles will give you lots of wonderful ways to light up your garden, driveway and other outdoor areas. Looking for inspiration? Browse the outdoor lighting section of our comprehensive lighting buying guide for plenty of great ideas and lots of helpful advice as well.

Solar Lighting

Your garden is your very own slice of the great outdoors – which makes it the perfect place for solar lighting. This is the ideal choice if you’re after a lighting solution that’s economical and environmentally friendly, because it relies solely on sunlight to convert this into an electrical current. And what makes it even more convenient is that there are no wires involved! No matter what you’ve got in mind for your outdoor space, you’ll find a choice of great solar options in our range.

Outdoor Security Lights and Floodlights

Why not take a look at our range of security lights too? These are a must when it comes to feeling safe and secure in your home – and our options range from basic sensor lights through to more hi-tech designs. Consider an all-in-one floodlight and security camera system featuring powerfully bright lights, two way audio function and motion detection alerts sent straight to your smart device. And if you’re on a bit of a budget then some of our more simple styles will still do the job perfectly. Consider our floodlights – with a motion sensor that works from up to eight metres away and a bright LED bulb, these will illuminate your outdoor space to deter potential intruders and give you a completely clear view of what’s going on in your garden or driveway.

Smart Outdoor Lighting

Smart technology has the power to make everything that little bit easier and smart lighting is certainly no exception. You’ll be able to keep complete control over when and how your home is lit – no matter where you are. Shop our full range of smart outdoor lights for many different kinds of options from leading brands like Philips. Some smart outdoor wall lights are a brilliant choice when it comes to illuminating entrances around your home; compatible with both iOS and Android devices, these feature motion detection technology and you’ll be able to set schedules too. Check out our lantern designs for a stylish look – or how about our smart strip lights with voice control for an easy way to create ambience? Whichever you choose, what they all have in common is convenience, efficiency and flexibility.

Garden and Outside Lights

Want to make sure your garden is a place where you love to spend your time? From seating areas to the right pots and plants, there are lots of ways to do this – and you’ve come to the right place for plenty of garden inspiration. But why not start by setting the mood in your back garden with some carefully chosen decorative lighting? This is a must-have if you enjoy entertaining and it’s a particularly lovely thing to have during the summer months when you want to spend more time outside enjoying the warmer weather. And for a welcoming ambience and a soft, gentle glow, you really can’t beat some pretty fairy lights. We’ve got you covered with coloured options plus warm and cool white LED styles – or how about festoon bulbs for a stylish on-trend look?

Is A Mold Inspection Really Worth The Money

Mold Inspection Standards of Practice


The purpose of this standard is to provide standardized procedures to be used for a mold inspection. There are two types of mold inspections described in the IAC2 Mold Inspection Standards of Practice:

Complete Mold Inspection

Limited Mold Inspection

Unless the inspector and client agree to a limitation of the inspection, the inspection will be performed at the primary building and attached parking structure. Detached structures shall be inspected separately.

A mold inspection is valid for the date of the inspection and cannot predict future mold growth. Because conditions conducive to mold growth in a building can vary greatly over time, the results of a mold inspection (examination and sampling) can only be relied upon for the point in time at which the inspection was conducted.

A mold inspection is not intended to eliminate the uncertainty or the risk of the presence of mold or the adverse effects mold may cause to a building or its occupants.

The inspector shall report:

– moisture intrusion,

– water damage,

– musty odors,

– apparent mold growth, or

– conditions conducive to mold growth;

– results of a laboratory analysis of all mold samplings taken at the building


In situations where water damage has developed over time, we conduct a visual examination of the building and HVAC system, followed by collecting surface and air samplings for analysis by an independent microbial laboratory if needed. We then develop a remediation plan detailing method, scope, time and controls to be used, based on fungus type and location.

Heat is a viable alternative to chemicals that works to:

Kill mold even in inaccessible cracks and voids

Kill bacteria that can affect the health of occupants

Kill insects that can spread mold in buildings

Dry out the affected area

Reduce annoying and irritating odors

in-house technicians are educated by OSHA authorized trainers on the safe containment, removal and lawful disposal of mold at our Department of Insurance certified on-site training facilities.

provides a chemical-free, odorless heat treatment to rid facilities of mold, fungus, mildew, odors and viruses.


What are molds and where are they found?

Molds are fungi found both indoors and out, almost everywhere in the environment. They can grow all year long and grow best in warm, damp and humid conditions. Molds spread by making spores that can survive harsh environmental conditions that normally do not support mold growth.

In the home, mold is almost always present in the air and grows best in damp areas with high humidity levels, like bathrooms and basements. While there are perhaps thousands of species of mold, most common indoor molds include Cladosporium, Penicillium, Alternaria and Aspergillus.

How can I recognize mold?

Moldy walls and ceilings may be discolored or show signs of water damage. Green or black spots also may appear on walls. Mold has a musty, earthy smell or a foul stench.

How are people affected, and what can be done to decrease exposure?

Allergy sufferers are usually most affected with mold exposure. Symptoms may include nasal congestion, itchy or watery eyes, wheezing or skin irritation. More severe reactions may include fever or shortness of breath.  People with health concerns that could become worse as a result of mold exposure should contact a health care provider for treatment and advice.

To decrease exposure to mold in the home, keep the humidity level of the home between 40-60 percent. Air conditioners and dehumidifiers can also help lower indoor humidity. Always use exhaust fans when showering and cooking. Mold retardants for interior house paint are available at most home improvement stores and, when mixed with paint, reduce mold growth on walls.

How can I test for mold in my home?

Generally, it is not necessary to identify the species of mold growing in a residence, and CDC does not recommend routine sampling for molds. Current evidence indicates that allergies are the type of diseases most often associated with molds. Since the reaction of individuals can vary greatly either because of the person’s susceptibility or type and amount of mold present, sampling and culturing are not reliable in determining your health risk. If you are susceptible to mold and mold is seen or smelled, there is a potential health risk; therefore, no matter what type of mold is present, you should arrange for its removal. Furthermore, reliable sampling for mold can be expensive, and standards for judging what is and what is not an acceptable or tolerable quantity of mold have not been established.

Residential Mold Inspection Course

comprehensive Certified Residential Mold Inspector (CRMI) master course contains lessons on how to inspect for mold on residential property. You will learn how to identify and assess mold damage, how to collect samples, and the recommended remediation protocols. You will also learn how to report on the presence of mold using national standards of practice.

lesson course will help you learn the skills and knowledge necessary to start a mold inspection career. You will not only learn about mold, but how to inspect and write up your reports. You will learn about how mold affects the human body, which kinds of molds are dangerous, how to submit samples to a laboratory for analysis, and much more.

As you complete each lesson, you will use interactive flash cards and take practice quizzes that will test and verify your knowledge simultaneously through instant online feedback. The course records your results so you can easily track your progress.

The course includes a 2-hour mold DVD also available online, that takes you through a complete mold inspection as outlined in the course. You can use the provided report templates to create reports for your clients or use the free mold report software we include with the course. When you finish the course and pass the final exam, you will be a Certified Residential Mold Inspector (CRMI) and possess the knowledge and skills needed to start a full or part-time business.

What You Will Master

Mold identification, prevention, and control

National Standards of Practice for mold inspections

How and where to find mold in the home

The Code of Ethics for mold inspectors

How to complete a mold inspection report

Mold Inspection

What is a Mold Inspection?

A mold inspection is the process of detecting the presence of molds in a property or facility and analyzing its cause and then eliminating it. Landlords or property managers should regularly perform mold inspections to foresee potential mold formation before they turn to an infestation. Mold infestations can lead to further contamination and pose negative health risks to tenants (e.g., sinuses, wheeling and exacerbation of asthma) which in turn, can result in fines and legal disputes.

Areas to Inspect During Mold Inspections

Property managers or landowners should be responsible to perform mold inspections before and after the occupation of a property. Often, mold growth is invisible to the naked eye which makes it difficult to detect


Indoor areas such as the basement, HVAC, kitchen, ceilings, laundry room, attic, and living room are the most common areas inside the house where mold could grow.


External areas of the property such as the foundation, windows and doors, central air unit, faucets, sprinklers hose attachments, and roof are also possible areas mold could grow because these are the areas that often get wet.

Mold Inspection Checklist

A mold inspection checklist is used to check for mold presence on both the interior and exterior of a property. This checklist is specifically built to use for mold inspections on residential housing. Property managers and landlords can use this checklist to ensure that property is free from the manifestation of mold and bacteria.

Newsletters Can Boost Your Accountant Practice In Six Ways

How do I choose the right accounting software for my business?

One of your top priorities as a small business owner is keeping a close eye on the money you bring in and pay out, which is why it’s critical to have the right accounting software. You need a program that helps you accomplish your daily accounting tasks – recording payments, tracking expenses, invoicing customers and reconciling transactions – and gives you insight into your business’s financial health, allowing you to generate reports that help you analyze your business’s performance from multiple angles.

But choosing the best accounting software for your business is challenging. Each program includes a different set of features, and most offer multiple pricing plans to choose from, which also vary by feature, number of users or other factors. Here are three items to keep in mind when selecting accounting software for your business:

  • Costs. Would you prefer inexpensive, basic accounting software or an application that costs more but includes extra features?
  • Usability. How many users need to access the software? Do you prefer a cloud-based system that you can access anywhere or desktop software? Do you need it to have a mobile app? What capabilities do you need the app to have?
  • Features. What do you need the accounting software to do? Do you need both accounts receivable and accounts payable tools? Which reports do you need it to generate? Do you need it to track inventory? Do you need it to include ancillary services, like time tracking, project management and payroll?

Things to Consider When Choosing an Accounting Software for Your Business


If you own a small business or start-up, finances might not be your specialty.

You might be a small operation without a finance department, but you still need to be on top of your company’s accounting. There are a variety of options on the market for accounting software but make sure you find one that matches not just your needs but your capabilities too. While accounting software makes bookkeeping easier, you still need to have a basic understanding of your finances and what you need the software to do for you.

Do your homework, so that you pick the right program and get the most of its functionality.


Switching to a cloud-based application can benefit your business operations in several ways. The software can be accessed from any location with an internet connection on tablets, laptops, and smartphones. Having this easy access to your accounting software at any time from anywhere can help you keep your bookkeeping consistently up-to-date.

You won’t need to worry about having an IT department to manage the installation of software upgrades because that is all done through the server. Plus, your records are secured from a physical location where safety might be jeopardized by a local disaster, theft or another destructive event.


You can find an accounting software suitable for all budgets. While you can find cheap and even free applications for download, consider if these options are useful to your company’s business operations. While you might pay more for some accounting software, it could very well minimize common accounting errors that could save you time and money, and it might be worth the additional cost.

Many accounting software applications have tiered pricing levels so that you can pay for what you need and get the best results.


To help you decide what accounting software program to choose, ask yourself what features you need to run your business. Here are a few things a small business might need from their accounting software:

  • Budgeting
  • Sales tracking
  • Payroll
  • Inventory management
  • Merchant account support to accept credit card payments
  • Manage customer contacts or work with your current contact management software
  • Estimates
  • Business tax reporting
  • Invoicing

How to Choose Business Accounting Software: Understand Your Accounting Needs

The first step you need to take in choosing accounting software for your business is to undertake a good needs analysis, which will address both managerial and financial needs. It should be broad, exploring both obvious questions and ones that really make you think. Take your time with this important step, since the last thing you want is to have to repeat this process within the next two years. If you experience unexpected growth that forces an upgrade, terrific, but good planning at this stage can help you avoid having to change software too soon. Get some help before you buy anything.

Questions to ask when choosing your accounting software


  • What are you selling?
  • How do you sell? (Platform)
  • How do your customers pay you?
  • What processes or infrastructure do you need to make sales work effectively?


  • Do you have contractors, employees or other providers to pay?
  • What are your inventory, shipping & customer support costs?
  • Where do you save your receipts?
  • What processes or infrastructure do you need to handle expenses effectively?


  • Do you have employees and are you required to follow employment law?
  • How large is your staff?
  • How often are they paid?
  • Do they get paid for holidays and sick leave?
  • Do they earn superannuation or 401k?


  • What reports do you need?
  • How flexible is the Chart of Accounts and reporting layout?
  • Can it be customised to your needs?
  • Is the standard Chart of Accounts suitable?
  • Do you need departmental, location or job reporting?

Don’t Pay for Unnecessary Features

A smaller, less complex business needs fewer features than a larger business does. No matter how irresistible extra “whistles and bells” seem, resist the temptation to buy more accounting software than you need.

Generally, you pay more for additional features in accounting software. If your business grows enough to need more robust financial features, the cost is justified, but until then you should stick with the basics. For smaller businesses, there are now enough accounting software options available that over-buying is unnecessary.

Consult With Your Accountant

Accounting software does not replace an accountant for ensuring that your business adheres to legal and accepted accounting and tax practices. But when you use accounting software, your accountant won’t have to spend time doing certain tasks, which saves money for a small business.

Any good accounting software will have the reports you need to give to your accountant on a monthly, quarterly, and annual basis. Ask your accountant what reports are needed and be sure you can generate them with the accounting software you are considering.

Good Practices Of A Pediatric Dentist

What to know about pediatricians

Pediatricians are specially trained medical doctors who work with babies, infants, adolescents, and young adults.

Children experience rapid physical, emotional, and behavioral changes as they grow up. Children and teenagers have unique medical needs that might fall outside the expertise of doctors who primarily treat adults.

Continue reading to learn more about pediatricians, including what they do, who they treat, and the qualifications required to become a pediatrician. This article also provides a list of pediatric subspecialties.

What is a pediatrician?

A pediatrician is a medical doctor who specializes in treating infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. Pediatric care can begin before conception and continue through pregnancy.

According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, setting an upper age limit for pediatric care is not straightforward. The Academy discourage people from setting age limits on pediatric care, as this will depend on an individual’s physical and mental needs.

Children undergo rapid physical and mental changes as they grow. Pediatricians understand this fact and assess a child’s health status based on the normal ranges for their age.

Pediatricians can help diagnose medical conditions in children. Depending on the condition, parents or caregivers may take their children to a primary care pediatrician or a pediatric specialist.

When Should I Start Looking for a Pediatrician?

It’s a good idea to start looking for a doctor about 3 months before your baby is due. Ask for recommendations from relatives, friends, neighbors, coworkers, and doctors you know. Then, check your insurance company’s website to see if the doctors are in your plan.

If you’re new to an area, start by searching for pediatricians on your insurance company’s website or try the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Find a Pediatrician tool.

Look at online reviews and ratings, but proceed with caution. Like all online sites, the reviewers’ opinions and expectations may differ from yours. Make sure the review site only allows feedback from actual patients.

Of course, doctors aren’t the only people in a pediatrics office who care for children. Nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) also see young patients. They are trained to give shots, check kids for health problems, prescribe medicines — and do many of the things doctors can do.

Pediatrician or Family Physician: What’s the Difference?

Most pediatricians and the nurses and physician assistants in their practices see children and teens up to age 21. Pediatric training focuses on treating children from birth until adulthood. Family physicians take care of patients of all ages, from kids to seniors.

Both have the same years of training, but pediatricians specialize in children. This give them in-depth understanding of children’s health needs, like behavioral issues and how to care for a child’s growing, developing body.

Reasons Why You Should Visit a Pediatrician

As a young mother, you are always conflicted about whether to visit a pediatrician or a family doctor for the health needs of your child. However, it is important to consider choosing the services of a pediatrician because these professionals specifically focus on the health of your baby. Records from the Health Department show that 93% of the children saw a pediatrician in the last year. If you are wondering why you should see a pediatrician, find out below.

1. New Baby Well Check

Never ignore the health of your new baby. Newborn experts indicate that the health of a new baby should take priority in your life. Health analysis should take place in the first week of their life. Pediatricians will take an average of thirty minutes evaluating the health of your baby, after which they will come up with a conclusive analysis of the baby’s wellness. Having a certified profession analyze the health of your newborn baby is essential in their growth.

2. Annual Physicians Exams

Child well checks are very necessary, and they should take place on a routine basis. These routine health checks are formally referred to as annual physician’s exams. They help in checking whether the baby is growing well and as expected. In most cases, annual physician’s exams are physical checks that include height, weight, and overall body appearance. If the baby is not growing as expected, certain measures will be incorporated to make sure that the right growth and wellness of the baby is achieved.

3. Baby Immunizations

Baby immunization is not only a health requirement but a legal undertaking. Failing to take your baby for pediatric care, especially immunization can lead to jail terms for negligence. The American Academy of Pediatrics has developed and implemented a child immunization schedule that should be followed to the letter. If you want your child to grow well, you need to make sure that you adhere to the immunization schedule. Most of immunizations administered to babies start at childbirth and mostly end around the age of 18 months.

4. Nutritional Advice

Kids’ care is not only about immunizations and routine checkups. It is also about ensuring that they are getting the right nutrition for their growth. Most of the children tend to become picky when choosing what to eat. This means that they will end up missing some important nutrients, which are important for their growth. The best pediatrician will make sure that the kids get the recommended daily amount of nutrients. Pediatricians will always provide alternative nutrient sources to the parents.

5. Behavioral Issues

To new parents, the behavior of the child is always an issue of concern. Most of them don’t know whether their children are behaving as expected or they have other behavioral aspects that need the attention of a specialist. Therefore, it is always important to consider the services of an experienced specialist who might help in understanding the behavior of the child. Pediatricians are versed in children’s behavior and will immediately explain whether something is normal or not.

6. Ear Infections

For young children, ear infections are a common occurrence that needs to be dealt with before it gets out of control. Various research studies from the Department of Health show that children are likely to develop ear infections than adults. This explains why you should consider the services of a professional pediatrician regularly.

7. Common Colds

Newborn care is very useful in addressing common colds, especially in cold seasons. It is common knowledge that common colds lead to additional infections to the kids. If not checked immediately, there is a high chance that they will lead to more serious conditions. Seeing pediatric doctors for common cold checks and treatment is, therefore, an important consideration.

Why your child might see a paediatrician

Your child might see a paediatrician if your GP wants a specialist opinion about your child’s health, growth and development, or thinks your child needs specialised care and treatment.

For example, your GP might refer your child to a paediatrician for further assessment and treatment of:

  • asthma and allergies
  • poor growth
  • behaviour problems
  • developmental delay
  • autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
  • attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • sleep problems
  • brain conditions – for example, epilepsy
  • problems with muscles or bones – for example, developmental dysplasia of the hip or bow legs
  • disabilities like Down syndrome, cerebral palsy or Fragile X syndrome
  • faecal incontinence or constipation.

A paediatrician might also see your baby immediately after birth, to make sure everything is OK.


A pediatrician is a medical doctor who treats babies, children, adolescents, and young adults. Pediatricians can work as primary care physicians or specialize in treating children in certain age ranges or children with specific health conditions.

Parents and caregivers can expect frequent pediatrician visits for infants and young children. Older children and adolescents can benefit from annual well-child visits.

People can choose to transition to doctors who treat adults during late adolescence or early adulthood. The choice to change doctors depends on the child, their pediatrician, and, in some cases, insurance coverage.

How To Move In Cleaning

Spring Cleaning Checklist

Get the most out of your spring cleaning by using our spring cleaning checklist. Tackle every room in your house – from bedrooms, bathrooms, kitchen to the living room.

Every Room

Wash Baseboards, door ceilings, window sills, doors, and walls.

Vacuum and wash vents.

Wash window treatments (drapes, etc.).

Dust blinds.

Wash Windows – inside and out

Dust and shine overhead lights – replace burnt light bulbs.

Dust and/or vacuum light fixtures and lamp shades.


Clean out pantry.

Wash kitchen cabinets.

Deep clean oven.

Move fridge – vacuum and mop behind it.

Vacuum coils on fridge.

Deep clean fridge inside – wash outside.

Living Room

Dust and wash any and all mirrors, frames, and decorative items.

Vacuum all upholstery.

Vacuum all lamp shades.

Dust furniture and fixtures.

Wash all throw pillows and blankets (use steam).

Dust and polish furniture.

Vacuum and shampoo carpets – mop and wax if necessary.


Wash all bedding.

Wash all bed and throw pillows.

Flip Mattress – if using pillow top, rotate mattress.

Purge anything stored under bed you don’t want anymore.

What Is the Average Cost of a House Cleaning Service?

House cleaning services cost around $30/hr. Depending on things like the size of your home and the extent of service required, the rate can be as low as $20/hr and increase up to about $35/hour or even up to $50/hr for 2 person teams.

In this pricing guides, we’re going to provide an overview of house cleaning costs throughout based on different criteria and answer your most commonly asked questions to enable you to figure out what are fair and reasonable rates for house cleaning.

How Much Do Cleaning Companies Charge per Square Metre?

Average house cleaning costs per square metre are between $1 and $6.5+ depending on your home size, condition, cleaning requirements and various other cost determinants mentioned further down in this article.

For example, rates for cleaning a carpet can start from $2.5/m2, cleaning your bathroom tiles can cost between $2.5 and $5.5 per m2, whereas cleaning your house may start at $2/m2 and increase even up to $20-$35 per square metre e.g. for cleaning work after builders in a new or renovated house.

What Is the Average Price per Square Foot for House Cleaning?

The average price per square foot for house cleaning in ranges from $0.2 to $0.65 depending on the state, your home size, how labour-intensive a particular cleaning service is and many other factors in play.


Moving to a new house is stressful enough without bringing cleaning into the mix, but it’s a simple fact that cleaning after moving out and performing move in house cleaning can help you get settled into your new home – and your new routine – much faster. Here’s some top tops on cleaning a house, both before moving in or moving out.

Before Moving In

Even if your new home looked spotless when you first viewed it, it’s always a good idea to scrub your new home before your items arrive – instead of trying to clean around boxes and furniture, you’ll be able to give every room a deep clean without anything getting in the way. Do one room at a time so that you don’t get overwhelmed.

The kitchen: Dust and wipe down any surfaces. Deep clean the oven, running a specific cleaning cycle if it’s available. Be sure to scrub any grill grates as well as the filters for the extractor fan. Defrost the refrigerator and freezer if this hasn’t been done already, and wash the shelves. Mop the floors and let them dry.

Living and dining rooms: Steam clean or vacuum the carpets, if there are any, and clean any curtains that may have been left behind by the previous owners.

Bedrooms: Clean the carpets, and then dust and wipe down any surfaces, from windowsills to built-in shelving, closets and storage units

Bathrooms: Mop the floors and let them dry, then bleach the toilet and bathtub. Check the grout between any tiles and clean it if it looks dirty. Wipe down surfaces with anti-bacterial cleaner.

Move in house cleaning can help you get settled into your new home faster. You’ll be able to fully focus on unpacking knowing that you’ve gone over every inch of your house and ensured that it is sparkling! You can also hire a moving in cleaning service to do the hard work for you – and if you’ve hired a removal company, this means that you’ll hardly need to lift a finger as you seamlessly move from one house to another.

Before Moving Out

Just as you’d like to move into a spotless new house, so do the tenants who will be moving into your old home. No one wants to arrive to find someone else’s mess! Whether you rent or own your home, doing a thorough clean before you leave will be appreciated.

Tenant Move-in Checklist: What to Do As a Landlord

You have found a great tenant to rent your property, and you thoroughly screened that tenant, and now you’re expecting to have a positive and profitable rental experience.

‍Filling a vacancy can feel like a major accomplishment and it is. The marketing, showings, and screening process can be challenging and exhausting. Now that you have finished with that and you have a tenant, you’re ready to get started on being a great landlord.

Are you ready to have your tenant move into your property?

There are a few steps that you have to take before you hand over the keys and begin collecting rent checks every month. Today, we’re talking about what those things are and how to prepare for them.

The first item on your list is to check for health and safety issues at the property. If you find anything that may be hazardous to your tenants or their guests, address those issues right away. This could be something as simple as a loose handrail on steps or an electrical outlet that smokes when you plug something into it. If the flooring is buckling or carpet is pulling up and creating a trip hazard, you’ll want to take care of that before anyone moves in.

In some cities, heating and air conditioning (HVAC) units are mandatory, in other cities, they are not. Be sure to know and understand where your rental property stands within these guidelines. If an HVAC unit is necessary, be sure to regularly check and maintain the unit, especially before a new tenant move in. Not only could your unit become uncomfortable to the new residents if the unit is working properly , you may be violating state/city laws!

Move-In Checklist for Landlords and Tenants

Having a rental walkthrough checklist ready can help streamline the transition in and out of a rental property and make it less stressful for both landlord and tenant.

There’s more to getting new tenants into your rental than creating a lease, signing it and giving them the key. Under local law, landlords might be required to complete a rental property inspection before tenants move in and again when they move out. 

Why is a move-in checklist important?

A move-in checklist provides a convenient and organized way for you to keep track of your rental property’s condition and check for damage beyond normal wear and tear.

For landlords: A move-in checklist helps document existing conditions in the home. A checklist can help hold tenants accountable for damage that occurs to the rental during the tenancy. Documenting preexisting damage can help reduce the likelihood of disputes between the landlord and tenant related to the return of the security deposit. 

For tenants: A rental walkthrough checklist helps tenants keep an objective assessment of the condition of their rental. It may also serve as written documentation in case there is ever a legal dispute in the future. Finally, a walkthrough checklist can be a tool tenants use to take inventory of what the landlord might need to repair or improve before or during the tenancy.

Generally, once the landlord and tenant have completed the rental inspection checklist, it should be signed by both parties. Be sure to give a copy to your tenant. You may want to attach another copy of the signed checklist to the lease agreement and file it away until it comes time for the tenant to move out.

How To Get Rid Of Squirrel In The Roof

How Much Does It Cost to Remove Squirrels?

They may look cute in your backyard, but don’t let those bushy-tailed critters fool you – a squirrel infestation in your attic or walls can wreak havoc on wiring, insulation, and even your health! Squirrels belong outside for good reason: they harbor fleas, ticks, and disease. Plus, they love to chew on everything. Getting rid of them at the first sign that they’ve moved in is the only way to ensure that your home and family remain safe.

All About Squirrels

Squirrels look innocuous, but when they find their way inside of a house, they can cause all kinds of trouble. Able to give birth to 2-3 litters of 4-6 babies each year (and living for about 12 years), even a single squirrel can turn into dozens in no time. To make matters worse, squirrels tend to be family-oriented social beings that often live in groups, so the odds of harboring just one or two of these pesky mammals are not high. Once a squirrel sets up house inside of your abode, they can quickly overtake it. While squirrels tend to take up residence in attics due to the easy access and comfy setting, these critters also commonly settle down inside walls, chimneys, closets, and other quiet, warm, and safe areas.

While other rodents may be more active at night, squirrels tend to follow a more human-like schedule, scuttering about during normal daylight hours. Also, they tend to be more active in the fall, as they look for a place to settle in for the winter

There are many types of squirrels, and telling your pest management specialist what kind of animals he will be dealing with may be really useful. One of the most common and most destructive squirrels found in North American neighborhoods is the gray squirrel, which is between 14 and 21 inches long, features gray coloring with white undertones, and is commonly found in suburban neighborhoods. The pine squirrel is the smallest squirrel species. It is on the smaller side (about 7-9 inches long) and features a reddish color.

Signs of Having a Squirrel Infestation

Your dog is whining or clawing at the walls and every once in a while you think you hear something in the attic, roof, or walls. This may leave you wondering if squirrels have infiltrated your home. Here are some telltale signs that you could be harboring these unwanted guests:

Noises. If there is one thing universal about squirrels it is that they are not quiet creatures. These active mammals tend to make a lot of noise as they scamper, scurry, and thump about behind your walls, on your roof, and in your attic.

Holes. If you have noticed small holes underneath your soffits 1, in your insulation, or even in your yard, this could indicate a squirrel problem. If they can’t find an entryway, these critters are not opposed to making ones themselves in order to find a warm, dry place to build a nest.

Broken gutters. If your gutters suddenly show signs of damage or loosening, squirrels could be the culprit. Gutters offer a good route onto the roof for squirrels looking for entry into a home, and all of that climbing and jumping often damages them.

Damage to bird feeders and garden plants. Squirrels don’t discriminate when it comes to finding food. They will go after anything they can: your garden plants, pet food, bird seed, and even garbage. Repeated damage to these areas may be a sign of squirrel trouble.

Fighting squirrels in your yard. While squirrels like to live in larger groups, when an area is overpopulated they do begin to fight over territory,and your home is considered part of their territory. When too many squirrels live in one area, good nesting places become scarce, forcing the critters to look inside for a place to live.

Caches of nuts and acorns. Finding piles of these items in and around your home is a common sign of squirrel activity.

Foul smells coming from your attic. The fact is, squirrels need to pee and poop just like people, and when they take up habitation in your attic they are going to do it right there. Over time (and when your squirrel population rises), that urine and feces is going to begin to smell.

Ground Squirrel


It is easy to identify ground squirrels since they forage above ground near their burrows. Their body measures 14 to 20 inches, which includes their tail. Adult squirrels weigh between 21 and 30 ounces. The males are somewhat larger than the females.

Ground squirrel fur is mottled brown, with some white and gray markings on the back. Their belly and underside have a combination of lighter browns, grays, and white. ground squirrels have a white ring around each eye. Their tails are somewhat bushy (but less so than those of tree squirrels) and their ears are erect and conspicuous.


ground squirrels live in colonial burrow systems where they sleep, rest, rear young, store food, and avoid danger. Their burrows are about 4 inches in diameter, although older burrow entrances can occasionally be quite a bit larger. The length of burrow systems usually ranges between 5 and 30 feet. Most burrow systems are within 2 to 3 feet of the surface of the ground, but they may occasionally be up to 6 feet or more in depth. Burrows can be single tunnels or complex branching systems. They may be occupied by a single squirrel or occupied by many.

ground squirrels are active during the day, mainly from midmorning through late afternoon, especially on warm, sunny days. They have two periods of dormancy during the year. During winter months, most ground squirrels hibernate, but some young can be active at this time, particularly in areas where winters aren’t severe.

During the hottest times of the year, most adults go into a period of inactivity, called estivation, that can last a few days to a week or more. During these periods, the burrow appears open at the entrance, but the squirrel plugs it with soil near the nest.


Are you a homeowner who has an issue with squirrels? If yes, this blog is for you! Squirrels are very demiurgic creatures and have exceptionally powerful jaws. They can gnaw through any dwelling roof or soffit line in a single bound!

Squirrels usually create more than one entry point including going through the roof vents. And if you try to close the holes without remediating the problem, they will chew their way out. Plus, it is considered to be cruelty to trap the wildlife in your attic. Especially if there are baby squirrels involved.

This particular customer had her home overrun by squirrels. In the guest room, they had actually gnawed their way through the walls and ceiling and we cohabitating within the living space. The walls of the home were drenched in urine and showed staining on every single wall of the home. The attic had multiple squirrel families burrowed within the insulation and had also developed a rodent problem as well. The insulation was so soiled that it could not be determined whether it was pink or yellow.

This was a result of waiting entirely too long to remove these animals. Not only did the exclusion take a long time, it was very expensive and did extensive damage that the homeowner’s insurance did not pay for. Keep this case study in mind when you begin to hear noises in the attic or see the suspicious activity as it will prevent an infestation and additional damages caused by a long stay in the attic.

As long as the squirrels have food and water, they will flourish. Squirrel problems are common in homes that have had a previous wildlife issue as they can smell the pheromones from the previous houseguests you had in the attic. Wildlife removal of this type must be performed by a licensed wildlife removal expert who is licensed. To live-trap animals, you have to have a trapping license.

How To Get Rid of Squirrels

The complaints of homeowners in reference to squirrels usually have to something to do with causing damage to wires, siding, insulation, and household items when they establish their nests in attics or other buildings. Squirrels also damage bird feeders, flowers and vegetable gardens in the process of foraging for food. There is no magic spray or repellent when it comes to getting rid of nuisance squirrels. The only proven way to get rid of a squirrel is through preventing access, limiting food sources, and trapping.

Prevent Access

Squirrels gain access to homes, and especially attics, through small openings and other structural weaknesses. While it is not always possible to locate and seal off every point of entry, you will do a great deal to discourage entry by practicing the following methods:

Trim trees and other shrubbery away from the house and roof

Secure a cap of sheet metal over the chimney outlet

Repair openings and holes on exterior walls with heavy wire cloth or wood secured into solid substrate with screws

Repair cracks in foundation walls with a heavy duty caulk

Move stacked firewood away from the side of the structure

Use guards over your gutters and cover all down spouts

Limit Food Sources

Squirrels are not going to stick around long or make your home their home unless there are enough food sources to sustain them.

Keep all trash in metal cans or bins with tight fitting lids

When throwing away meat or other foods with a strong odor, double-bag them to reduce smells

Elminate as many sources of water as possible in your hard and near your home

Regularly clean up fallen fruit such as berries in your garden

If possible, cover garden crops with a cage of wire netting.

Don’t leave pet food out at night

Keep bird feeders up to 20 feet away from the home or structure

Bait and Trap

Two traps that we recommend for safe and effective squirrel capture are the Havahart Cage Trap Model 0745, and Havahart Cage Trap Model 1078. Havahart recommends contacting the Humane Society, or the local or state game commission before setting a trap to determine the lawful method of releasing a captured wild or nuisance animal. Many species are protected by law in various states.

Trapping Tips:

Be aware of weather conditions. Trapped animals should not be left out in the elements as they can die from prolonged exposure to heat and cold.

Check traps FREQUENTLY. Wild animals stress easily and may seriously injure themselves as they attempt to escape.

Other animals besides the target animal may get caught in the trap. If this happens, advice on releasing it safely can be obtained from a licensed wildlife rehabilitator in your state.

Depending on the time of year, you may trap a nursing mother and if you relocate only her, her babies will not survive. To see if you’ve trapped a nursing female, stand the trap on one end to observe the belly.

Traps should be washed, disinfected with a bleach solution (1 part bleach to 9 parts of water and let it remain on for 20 minutes), and thoroughly rinsed after each capture to stop the spread of any potential disease. Animals frequently defecate and urinate when captured and it is unhealthy to put bait down unless trap is cleaned thoroughly.

How to Get Rid of Squirrels in the Attic & Garden

Find strange holes outside of the attics? That can be a sign that some squirrels are nesting in the attic! If you don’t know how to get rid of squirrels in the attic and garden and act in time, these small animals will bring great trouble to you.

Damages & Signs of Squirrels in the Attic

Why shall you take certain measures to get rid of squirrels in the attic, wall and gardens?

The answer is: These cute little animals will cause more damages to your houses than you can imagine if they are active in your attics or gardens.

Damages Caused by Squirrels in the Attic & Garden

• Chewed cracks and holes in the attic, wood sidings or the interior decoration of your houses;

• Bitten electrical wires, insulation and even your wooden furniture;

• Piles of leaves and other debris brought into the attic by squirrels;

• Squirrels’ droppings in your attic;

• Harmful parasites and diseases carried by squirrels;

• Mold and mildew in the attic;

• More entry points, i.e., holes, after baby squirrels grow up in your attic;

• Plants and fruits in the garden eaten by squirrels.

Signs of Squirrels in the Attic & Walls

So how to know if there are any squirrels nesting in the attic and garden? Here are some clues that may give away their traces:

#1. Holes outside of the attic or in wood siding;

#2. Stolen birdseed or messed up birdfeeder;

#3. Squirrel droppings around your houses;

#4. Small footprints that don’t belong to your pets;

#5. Chewed or damaged insulation and wires;

#6. Strange noise from the attic at night.

How to Get Rid of Squirrels in the Attic: Feasible Solutions

“Squirrels in my small attic are crawling around! How to get rid of squirrels in an attic? Any suggestion?” “The squirrels eat my all nuts green. Every year I see these giant pecans forming, and then like overnight there’s a neat pile of husks and shells. What is the best way to repel squirrels? Help me!” If you also find squirrels nesting in your attic, you can follow the effective solutions below and learn how to get rid of squirrels in the attic in a breeze.

Why Winter Truck Tires Are Beneficial

Truck tire blowout: who’s responsible?

When a truck tire blows out, it’s very likely that other motorists will get hurt. Trucks are heavy machines that generate a tremendous amount of force in an impact. If a semi-truck tire blowout happens, a truck driver can easily lose control of the vehicle, leading to collisions and life-threatening injuries. In other incidents, just the debris from the blown-out tire can cause a crash or serious injuries on its own.

Tire blowouts rarely happen out of the blue. Often, they are the result of negligent maintenance performed on the tire or defects in the tire itself. If you, or a loved one, are injured because of a truck tire blowout, it’s important to understand how these collisions happen. Below, we’ll discuss how tire blowouts happen and who may be held responsible when they do.

Negligent Tire Maintenance

Many parties are responsible for the tires on the trucks: drivers, trucking companies, maintenance companies, and others. All of these parties may be responsible for inspecting and maintaining the truck’s tires:

  • Drivers. Drivers are the ones operating the truck, and they’re often the last line of protection for others on the road. They’re expected to inspect their tires daily, replace them when needed, and to look out for the safety of others on the road. When drivers fail to inspect or maintain their tires, they may be liable for the injuries they cause.
  • Trucking companies. Trucking companies have legal obligations to maintain their trucks and meet safety standards. This includes regular maintenance of trucks and careful documentation of the work that is done. If a company infrequently inspects their tires, fails to replace truck tires when needed, or otherwise shirks their duties, it may be liable for a blowout collision.
  • Maintenance companies. Drivers and trucking companies may contract out their work to professionals who oversee truck maintenance. As professionals, these maintenance companies and their mechanics must fulfill their duties with care and skill. When they fail to do so, innocent people often get hurt.

These and other parties may be liable if you, or a loved one, were injured by a truck tire blowout.

Tire Defects

Sometimes inspection and replacement aren’t enough. When there is a fundamental design or manufacturing defect hidden in a tire, then the tire designer and manufacturer may also bear the blame. When a tire is defective in design or manufacture, you may be able to recover from the tire company for the injuries that you’ve suffered. This is called a products liability or defective product claim.

Who’s responsible for an 18-wheeler tire blowout wreck?

The Trucker

Every  trucker has a duty to conduct a pre-trip inspection, and many are also tasked with performing general maintenance and inspections on their truck’s tires (as well as their brakes, steering, lights, mirrors, reflectors and load). If the truck driver failed to complete a pre-trip inspection, they’ll be held responsible for the truck tire blowout accident. However, it’s the trucking company (their employer) who will inevitably pay for your injuries and damages.

Your attorney can examine evidence at the scene of the accident and review the trucking company’s records (as well as their past performance ratings) to determine whether the tires were inspected regularly and if the truck was overloaded at the time of the tire blowout. Sometimes, attorneys will chose to bring on an expert who can examine the tire debris to see if the treads were worn out or if too much pressure caused the tires to explode.

In any of these cases, the trucker and their company will be held responsible for the accident. This means you and your attorney can file a claim against them to recover money to pay for your damages, injuries, missed work days, pain and suffering.

The Maintenance Company

Of course, the trucker isn’t always to blame. Sometimes, the maintenance company whose technicians worked on the truck’s wheels and tires will be at fault for the blowout.

Over the past decade, more and more commercial trucking companies have started to outsource services like tire mounting, tire and wheel assembly maintenance, tire repair, wheel refurbishing, tire inflation, rim installation, etc. If a third party worked on the truck that caused a wreck, it’s important to find out if the technicians certified by the Tire Industry Association’s (TIA) Commercial Tire Service (CTS) Certified Instructor Program in accordance with OSHA regulations.

If it’s found that improperly trained technicians worked on the truck’s wheels and tires, then that company could also be considered liable for paying your medical bills and other accident-related expenses.

The Tire Manufacturer

Last, sometimes the tires themselves are defective, which could necessitate a claim against the tire manufacturer (for example: Firestone, Goodyear, Dunlop, etc.).

Common tire defects that have resulted in mass recalls typically involve problems with the tire tread or belt adhesion separating, which can cause devastating crashes. Unfortunately, defective tires often look and feel fine. It’s only after an explosion that anyone realizes there was something wrong at all.

The key to winning a personal injury claim involving a tire defect is that you not only need to prove that the tire was defective, but also that the manufacturer KNEW the tire was defective and did nothing to fix it. Proving what someone did or didn’t know is tricky business, which is why your lawyer will conduct a full investigation with the help of field experts to prove your case.

When should you hire a lawyer?

Not everyone who’s hurt in an accident needs a personal injury lawyer, but truck wrecks and tire blowouts tend to be an exception. This is because they typically happen at high speeds (which mean there are big damages and injuries involved), but they aren’t always easy to prove.

By discussing your personal situation with a board-certified truck crash attorney, you’ll be able to determine who was at fault for the blowout and which insurance policies are liable for your damages.

Avoid Trouble

Regularly inspect your tires and replace them before the tread wears to 2/32nd of an inch deep. An easy way to check this is to insert a penny upside down into the tread (Lincoln’s head first). If the tread reaches past Honest Abe’s hairline at his forehead, you’re good. If not, order new tires. Tires worn to or past 2/32nd of an inch of tread will be much more prone to punctures and won’t provide the same grip as a tire in good condition.

Tires also have a maximum life span of six years. To determine how old your tires are, look for the tire identification number on the sidewall: it begins with DOT, is 11 digits long, and ends in four numbers. The first two digits of those last four numbers represent the week (of 52 in a year) the tire was manufactured. The last two are the year.

If your tire shows any signs of cracking or tearing, or if anything white or metallic has worn through the rubber, replace it immediately.

You also need to make sure you’re using an appropriate tire for the conditions you’re facing. If you’re traveling off pavement, a quality all-terrain tire will help you avoid punctures both in the tread and, more importantly, the sidewall.

Make sure any vehicle you’re driving has all of the necessary tire-change tools present and accounted for. You’ll need a lug wrench and a jack at a minimum. Don’t be that person who forgets to put them back into a car. I even check for these things in rental cars before driving off—they’re that essential.

Get Your Bathroom Remodeling Superhero

Bathroom Remodel & Design Ideas

When it comes to home improvements, there are few more satisfying transformations than those that result from renovating your bathroom, a place that can set the tone for the rest of your day. And we don’t just mean top-to-bottom makeovers, though you’ll find plenty of inspiration for those projects here, from before-and-after reveals to small-space solutions to designer lounges with tips from the experts on how to achieve them.

Get the Look

Do you love the style of the stunning bathrooms featured in the pages of Bring the look to your home with our guides to the best lighting, tile, and fitting sources for your bathroom remodel.

Expert Tips

We asked the pros for their essential advice for a successful bathroom renovation. From tile designs to tricks to make the most of a small space, these tips will help you complete your bathroom remodel with ease.

Bathroom Inspiration

Peruse gorgeous bathrooms from the pages of and find inspiration for your own bath renovation. From crisp and white to luxurious and marble-clad, see spaces that will suit any style.

Shopping & Sources

Find everything you need for a stylish bathroom design, from sculptural tubs to beautiful vanities. We’ve gathered products from our favorite sources that are sure to enhance your bath.

What to Know Before Your Bathroom Renovation

the key to making a tough project into a positive experience—for both of you. “There are ways to help out your contractor during the renovation, without getting your hands dirty.”

Draw up the design.

“Have your interior designer or architect devise the bathroom on paper so both you and the contractor are on the same page regarding the design and cost,”

Go shopping.

Before the work begins, buy the tiles, plumbing fixtures, vanity, and accessories (think mirrors, towel bars, and hooks) and arrange for them to be sent to your home. Not only will you avoid a cost markup from your contractor

Be patient.

“The bathroom is the smallest and most complicated space to renovate in your home,”  Because of the confined area, it’s not possible to have an entire team of workers inside at one time.” Expect that the renovation will happen in phases rather than all at once. First, the demolition team will come in, then the framers, then the plumbers, and finally the electricians. Before the walls are closed and tiled, there will also be an inspection.

Plan out your payments.

Put down a third of the renovation cost as a deposit, then pay your contractor on a weekly basis With so many materials needed early on for a renovation, this will help the process move quickly. How much you pay should be based on the percentage of the job completed that week.

How to Create the Bathroom Tile Design of Your Dreams

When you think bath renovation, you think tile. But the sheer number of colors, shapes, and sizes available can be overwhelming—and then there’s grout to choose

Think about tile as part of the bigger picture.

“Consider the desired flow of the space, how it’s used, how you want it to feel, and what’s going on in the rest of the house,” But remember: “There are no hard-and-fast rules about using tile. One of our favorite bathrooms has tile on every surface, including the ceiling. Don’t be afraid to follow your intuition!” If you don’t have a specific look in mind, create a mood board for the space with images, colors, and materials you like. “It could be other interiors you love, something from nature, or even your favorite chair.”

Don’t be afraid to mix and match.

Use multiple sizes of a flat field tile—a smaller-scale pattern on the walls, a larger one on the floor—or pair a three-dimensional design with a flat one, using the same glaze to make the two feel cohesive In fact, you can play with just the finishes, too

Grout shouldn’t be an afterthought.

“Grout is so important—it can totally transform the look of an installation,” “High-contrast grout puts emphasis on the shape and pattern of the tile, whereas lower-contrast grout really lets the character and nuance of the glaze come through.”

Choose your installer carefully.

“A seasoned installer—ideally one who’s worked with the kind of tile you’re using, particularly in the case of handcrafted tile—will take the time to plan the design and make sure the surfaces are prepared correctly, even before the first tile is installed,” “He or she will help you think through the details and layout, make sure to open and inspect every box of tile to get a sense of the expected variation, and of course do a stellar job at placing the tile, grouting, cleaning, and sealing it. Who you work with will make or break the project.”

Favorite Bathroom Remodels

At it’s best, a bath is more than just a functional space, it’s an oasis where you start and end your day. Some of our favorite—and most luxurious—baths are the work of multicity architecture-and-interiors firm

“I wanted to be surrounded by the trees—we’re on a hill looking out to the city. There are two doors that open out to a balcony with a glass railing. You can open the doors and sit in the tub and have an unobstructed view. You want any space that you’re designing to have a sense of place and to acknowledge the surroundings.”

“On the other side of this shot is a wall of windows looking onto a private terrace, so I wanted to create something Zen-like and ethereal,” “It’s something we always strive for, that quiet second for you to contemplate your day. The floor that we installed is actually the same exterior paving material that lies just outside the windows—it’s an opportunity to connect those two spaces and for one to reflect the other.”

“Because baths are prone to disorder and chaos, I think the only thing that can visually organize them is repetition and doing things in pairs.” The upholstered chair shouldn’t come as a surprise. “We are always looking for ways to put something inappropriate in a bath: a chandelier or a fine antique or something that’s living room quality. It’s the right thing in the wrong place.”

“The walk-in glass shower near the windows lets you experience the bath as part of the landscape. It’s a brilliant way to start the morning.” Booth chose a crisp, clean palette—but that doesn’t mean all white. “The walls have the slightest bit of gray-green, so there’s still that pop.”

Space-Saving Ideas for Your Small Bathroom

In many cases, baths are already among the smallest rooms in a home—so what do you do when yours is especially petite? For help maximizing your space originally burst onto the scene as a blog darling known for imbuing small spaces with grandeur, wit, and the kind of high-end design once reserved for those with serious square footage

“Pedestal sinks can be attractive and have a nice vintage quality, but they’re not great when it comes to storage. You’re dealing with a basin you can barely put a bar of soap on! If you have a lot of accoutrements, go with a console sink with a flat top or a converted cabinet with an undermount sink. You’ll have so much extra space, whether it’s to hang towels or store things behind doors or in drawers.”

Get Creative with Your Fittings“A wall-mounted faucet is a very smart space-saver. Not only does it give you bonus counter space, it’s actually much easier to clean.”

Consider the Smallest Renovation“If you can, hire a professional to poke into the walls just a bit to create a shallow recessed medicine cabinet. Or have them create a tile or marble recess in the shower, one just small enough to store your shampoo bottles. That way, they don’t have to sit out on the ledge of the tub, which looks terrible.”

Be Strategic with Shelving“The space above the commode is great for adding storage, but you have to avoid that very rental-like look, with the chrome or white plastic shelving looming over the toilet. It looks like R2-D2—not very chic. Instead, cantilevered shelves over the tank make for a cleaner look, and you are still keeping the maximum amount of floor space open for a nice wastebasket, hamper, or étagère.”

Overview On Septic Systems And The Sewer Inspection Process

Sewer Line Video Inspection Services

Tired of dealing with sewer line clogs? Get to the source of the problem with sewer line video inspection

Without the right equipment, it’s nearly impossible to determine what’s going wrong inside the sewer lines of your home, but it’s often obvious that a problem exists. That’s why it’s nice being able to call us at Miracle Plumbing Inc. when you want to know more about your home’s drain pipe systems. The pipes running through your home do a lot for all the fixtures of your house, and it’s vital to keep them in proper working order

offer inspection, cleaning, and repair services to make sure that’s possible for you. And when the issue is deeply rooted in your sewer lines, we can use our sewer line video inspection to find the source of the problem and get it solved once and for all.

Do You Have Sewer Line Issues?

Detecting possible sewer line issues is one of the first steps to getting your home functioning properly again. Some of the more common indicators that a sewer line is blocked include:

Sewage backup

Slow draining toilet or fixtures throughout home

Very green sections of lawn

Strange gurgling noises

Backed up toilets

Unpleasant smells

Slow moving drains

While many homeowners opt for DIY cleanings and store-bought chemicals, you could be worsening the issue. Sewer line cleaning and repair is not effective if you don’t know where the problem is. With a sewer video camera inspection, plumbers can get an inside look at your sewer lines, finding you an effective solution for your home needs.

Plumbing Questions to Ask During a Home Inspection

Plumbing Questions to Ask During a Home Inspection

So, You Going to Purchase a New Home… Okay, you just made one of the biggest, most important decisions in your life. You’re buying a home. It’s your picture-perfect home, in your picture-perfect neighborhood, close to everything you have on your wish list. You’ve done practically everything except finalize the deal.

Wait just a darn minute! You’re buying a home, not a blender.

If you find out there’s something wrong with it, you can’t simply make a trip to the return department. Buying a home is a considerable investment and needs to be treated as such. So, before you finalize anything, your “picture-perfect” home needs to be formally inspected, lest you find yourself throwing your hard-earned dough into a money pit.

Many first-time home buyers don’t realize that it’s their responsibility to hire a home inspector. Make sure you make an offer conditional upon inspection or get one done before you make a bid.

A home inspection is a professional visual exam of the home’s roof, HVAC and electrical systems, foundation and, of course, the plumbing. A home inspection helps discover potential expenses above and beyond the agreed upon sale price, which puts you, the homebuyer, in a position for negotiation. If issues are found, you, the buyer, can stipulate that the seller either repair them before closing or agrees to help cover the costs.

Perhaps even more importantly, a home inspection buys you peace of mind. After all, you’re considering purchasing something that’s going to cost you thousands of dollars, and your inspector could uncover a major flaw that can’t be seen with the naked eye

Sewer Camera Inspection

There are several benefits to choosing a sewer camera inspection over a dig and search solution.

It takes guesswork out of the equation while avoiding unnecessary measures such as digging up your yard.

Effectively pinpoints problems that can go unseen underground.

A low cost method for locating problem areas in sewage pipes.

Customers can see problem areas first hand without the need to dig.

Free Sewer Camera Inspection with a paid Sewer Cleaning

Free Sewer Camera Inspection with a free second opinion or estimate.

How does it work?

A plumbing specialist locates an access point for the inspection. The specialist will then run a video line down the branch lines or down the sewer line of the home. At the very end of the line is a camera that allows you to see the sewage pipes up close and in detail. This gives an accurate view and a complete understanding of a pipe’s condition. When problem areas are discovered, specialist will give an accurate diagnosis while explaining proper solutions. A detailed plan will then be created to fit your budgetary needs.

What problems the inspection can identify?

A video camera inspection can come in handy if your home experiences continued clogs, backups and slow drains. By running a camera down the sewage pipe, it allows specialists to identify what is going on so can take the most economical course of action.

By utilizing sewer camera inspection can identify problems such as root intrusion, as well as pipes that are misaligned, broken, punctured, or corroded. Other more common problem areas can also be identified such as grease buildup, leaks and other obstructions. All of these problem areas can affect the flow rate and break down the pipe’s integrity. Luckily all of these problems can be easily identified and fixed.

A camera inspection can also come in handy before purchasing a home. This helps to ensure that sewer lines are free of problems before you move in.


Video technology has revolutionized plumbing inspections. A sewer camera inspection can detect problems in the all-important sewer line quickly and accurately.

This is essential for a homeowner who suddenly experiences plumbing difficulties. Nothing is more disruptive to a smooth-running home life than trouble with the pipes. It is also a critical method that homebuyers and people considering a renovation or remodel use to determine the condition of the property.

How It Works

A sewer camera inspection checks out the condition of your underground sewer line. Using fiber optic cable and infra-red light, it provides the plumber with an accurate picture. He can stay above ground while inspecting the interior of the line by watching a monitor.

What It Detects

When the sewer line develops problems, the lives of the people in the home are disrupted. Without reliable plumbing, it’s hard to start the day, fix food and keep clean. A wonky sewer line is also a potential health hazard, affecting your home and those of your neighbors.

Develop a Workable Plan

When a skilled plumber knows exactly what is wrong, he can put together a plan. This involves repairing the immediate obstruction or defect and also preventing the problem from happening again.


A professional sewer camera inspection can save you time, money, and hassle by giving you a high-definition look inside your residential or commercial sewer lines

know how quickly a sewer problem can ruin your day. If you’re dealing with repeated backups or clogs, or if you’re considering purchasing a new property


To have your pipes professionally inspected, one of certified technicians will insert a high-definition camera attached to a snake-like cable into your sewer line through a single access point. This camera will be fed through your sewer lines, allowing us to view any damage, buildup, or clogs within your pipes. A radio transmitter attached to this camera tells experts exactly where the problem in your sewer line is located, ensuring that have all of the necessary information to make repairs if an issue is found.


A professional sewer camera inspection is the only way to know precisely what is happening inside your sewer lines. This process gives plumbing professionals the opportunity to see and understand the state of your sewer pipes without any guesswork or digging on your property. Professional sewer camera inspections save you time and money by preventing unnecessary work and let you rest easy knowing for sure the state of your sewer line.


If you’re considering purchasing a new home or business, one of the most important things you can do is have the sewer lines professionally inspected to ensure that there are no underlying problems waiting to be discovered in your future pipes. Even if you’ve owned your property for years, regular sewer camera inspections will protect your investment by giving you an exact picture of any potential issues within your plumbing system.

Flat Roof A Job For The Specialist

How do you maintain a flat roof?

There is a common myth among homeowners that flat roofs are less structurally sound and therefore more dangerous than sloped roofs. This is categorically untrue. Flat roofs are just as strong and water-resistant as sloped roofs. However, that resiliency does require a little help. Keeping your roof in good shape throughout the winter falls into two categories: Preparation and Maintenance. Check out the steps below to learn the steps to prepare your flat roof for the winter

Preparation: Be Proactive

Get Cleaning

The snow has yet to fall, but that doesn’t mean you should sit around and wait for it to happen. Leaves and twigs and other debris can become a real issue if left alone throughout the winter. For starters this material can and will freeze which means when snow does fall, it will take longer to melt. Likewise, frozen leaves and other autumnal detritus will put a heavy burden on your roof, especially when water begins to pool on top of them. If those leaves are not cleared, it could lead to structural damage that will require lots of time and money to fix.


Clearing the roof is good, but if your drains are clogged then it will all be for not. Be sure to pay extra close attention to any drain hubs or other drainage areas around your roof and make sure they are good and clean. Likewise, it is recommended that you use a high-powered hose to clean out any drains. And, if that doesn’t work, then take a plumber’s snake and run it through those drains. It is imperative that you make sure you break up any clogs. If you don’t, then you could be the person this winter with an ice rink on their roof. Trust us, it’s not as fun as it sounds.

Tree Prep

While this is true of any roof type, it is especially important for people who own homes with flat roofs. If there are any branches that hang over your roof cut them down, either on your own or by hiring professionals. High winds, heavy wet snow, and frigid temperatures can turn even the strongest of boughs into brittle twigs ready to snap at the next big gust. And for your sake and your homes, make sure that doesn’t happen to you. Give this trees a haircut and avoid the fall out, literally.

Inspect, Inspect, Inspect

Alright, your roof has been cleared and cleaned. The trees have been cut back and the skies overhead are clear, what’s next? Simple, the last step to preparing your flat roof for winter is to make sure that it is physically ready for the season. Don’t worry, you don’t need to be an expert to do this, just check for the following things:

  • The obvious: check your roof for holes and indentations. Basically, if there’s a hole, patch it up. If there’s a spot on your roof that’s as soft as a ripe banana, call an expert.
  • Checking the edges: You need to check the roof’s caulking along the flashes. Don’t know what that is? It’s ok. Those are just fancy terms for where the roof meets the wall. If you notice water damage on your ceiling right near the wall or in the corner of the room (this is typically where water damage occurs) then that means you may need to reseal that area. If you have experience with this then go on ahead and fix it up. If not, you may want to call in an expert. Prolonged water damage could lead to mold in your walls and ceiling and if that goes ignored for too long it could lead to bigger issues.
  • The not-so-obvious: Keep an eye out for “blisters” on your roof. What this means is looking for areas where water has gotten under your roof. If you touch these spots and they feel mushy, like a blister, then that means the spot needs to be cut up, dried out, and resealed.

Flat roof maintenance tips

Have it checked periodically.

Many home and business owners neglect to inspect their roofs as often as they should. You should inspect your flat roof at least three times every year. If you have trees nearby, check it even more often. Inspect your roof after a heavy snowfall in the winter and rainfall during the summer. Keep an eye out for pooling water, blisters, holes, soft areas (damaged insulation), and cracks. If you notice any of these issues, contact a professional roofing contractor. Your roof may be able to be repaired, or it may be time to replace it. Note: If you can’t inspect your roof safely on your own, call a roofing contractor to do it for you.

Keep it clean.

Because debris more easily collects on flat roofs than on slanted roofs, it’s imperative to keep up on regular maintenance. Fortunately, flat roofs are easier and safer to walk on than slanted roofs, making the chore of clearing debris pretty simple. Make sure you don’t damage your roof as you walk on it, however. Before and after winter are great times to get this job done, gently clearing leaves, dirt, and anything else on the roof with a broom.

Trim back nearby trees.

If you have trees with branches that hang over or touch your roof, trim them back. You don’t want any branches to fall onto or rub up against and scrape your roof. Moss can also make its way from a nearby tree onto your roof and begin to spread, harming your roof.

Deal with leaks promptly.

If your flat roof has a crack or is leaking somewhere, call in a professional to evaluate the situation and perform the necessary repairs. As with any roof leaks, they should be taken care of immediately to prevent further damage. Leaks in flat roofs typically occur around flashing and in seams.

Watch the weight.

If too much snow and ice build up on your roof, the weight could become excessive. If your roof was installed properly, this is unlikely (but not impossible). In an extreme situation, excessive weight could cause a roof to collapse. Generally, flat roofs are built strong enough to hold the weight necessary in particular locations. To be safe, make sure you are aware of how much weight your roof can safely manage.

Make sure you have a good drainage system in place.

If you notice pooling water on your roof, your roof drainage system may be insufficient. It may need to be altered or cleared of blockage. The most common reason for flat roof issues is negligence on the commercial or residential building owner’s part; the majority of the time, serious issues can be avoided.

Most flat roofs typically last only 10-20 years before they need to be replaced. If you begin to have frequent issues with your flat roof, it may be nearing the end of its useful life.

How to Maintain a Flat Roof?

Now, many residential homes are using flat roofs for decoration purposes. In case you choose a flat, you should be careful while doing flat roof repair. You should know about flat roof repairs that will help you to maintain your flat roofs. If your flat roof get any damage, you need to use quality materials and get skilled professional roof contractors to solve it. You also consider the cost of repair service that is needed one. Sometimes people need to spend time to plan or strategies to design their flat roofs themselves, when they get scratches holes on flat roofs. For this situation, all you need a great service to repair your roofs properly. In case you have a new roof installation on your house, you need to follow the advice of expert professionals before you start the new roof installation. Roofing experts will help you out by providing you all of the information about roof installation that you make to know about repairing flat roofs. A damaged roof has pores and holes on it, it allows water to get inside the building. This damage will make further worsen on the roof so it’s really important to get professionals to get repair your flat roofs as soon as possible.

Factors about Maintaining the Commercial Roofs

Many critical factors are involving in the protection of commercial property. You can maintain your roofs by following some easy tips. These are helping you to maintain the commercial roofs. You have to choose the best commercial roofing service and ensure that structure and quality of that roof is crucial. A proper installation is must, it will make functioning the roofs effectively. You can improved tenant satisfaction with professional roofing service. The flat roofing maintenance helps property owners and managers to ensure their building in optimal condition.

The flat roof maintenance can vary significantly because there are lots of different types of flat roofs available. All the type of flat roofing need to be maintained that will help it from damage inspection. The damage inspections will repair the roofs. So, you should work with a qualified roofing professional to ensure the functions of your flat roof effectively.