Electrical Installation Pros And Cons

Safety of Electrical Installations – A Guide for Residential Property Owners

Faults in the electrical wiring systems of properties account for the majority of fires and in some cases fatal electric shock accidents. Every year approximately 25 people are killed by electricity at work. In addition to these fatalities, 1000 major injury accidents are also reported.

Around 25% of all electrical injury accidents are caused by portable electrical equipment (PPE). Faulty electrical leads cause around 2000 fires each year.

Installation, Inspection, Testing and Maintenance

It is important to remember that installation, inspection, testing and maintenance of new or altered electrical systems should only be carried out by a competent qualified electrical tradesmen or contractor.

The electrical installation must be installed in accordance with the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) Wiring Regulations 17th edition now known as BS 7671:2008 incorporating amendment 3:2015, where appropriate. The IET Wiring Regulations establish the accepted safety parameters for designers, installers and testers of electrical installations.

The IET Wiring Regulations have the status of a Code of Practice and whilst being non-statutory, may be used in a court of law as evidence of the standard to be achieved. It is recommended that electrical installations are tested at least once in every 5 year period or after any additions are made to the system. Simple, visual inspections should take place more frequently.

Electrical work module

The Electrical and Electronics module should be done after the General module. If it is some time since you have done the General module you should read the Review module. The test for this module includes some questions based on the Review module.

Within this industry, you may be involved in a range of work activities such as using measuring instruments, soldering, using hand, power and specialist tools and constructing circuits. Only licensed electrical workers can legally perform electrical work.

This includes new electrical installations and alterations, and repairs to existing installations. An unqualified person must not be employed or allowed to undertake electrical work. Apprentices and trainees must be supervised by a qualified electrical worker at all times.

Your employer must make sure you are properly trained and supervised, that you are instructed in safe work procedures, and that all equipment is in good working order. It is important that you work in a safe manner, not only for your own safety but also for the safety of others.

Lock out, isolation and tagging

Lock out, isolation and tagging procedures in a work place are designed to protect people and property from risks arising from machinery or equipment which has been taken ‘out of service’ for repair, maintenance or inspection. The significant hazard is often electricity in such cases.

MUST-KNOW TIPS FOR DIY ELECTRICAL WIRING AND SWITCHING

People take on DIY projects in their own homes for a number of reasons. Whether they want to save money, feel more independent or enjoy fixing things themselves, any DIY project requires some basic know-how to be done properly. Installing or replacing electrical switches and wiring is no exception. These DIY Electrical Wiring tips can help make the process of installing electrical wires and switches a breeze, especially for a DIYer.

Have the right tools handy

Like any other DIY job, you want to make sure you have the right tools to do the job. They can include a multimeter, a non-contact voltage detector (tests the heat of wire without touching it) and a combination sheath and wire stripper. Being equipped with the right tools will help you be prepared for anything throughout the electrical switch wiring process.

Know your wires

When connecting electrical wiring to an outlet, it’s important to not confuse your wires or put them in the wrong terminal. The white wire is the neutral wire and goes into the neutral terminal, which is marked by silver/light-colored screws. The black wire, on the other hand, is the hot wire and goes into the hot terminal, the one opposite the neutral terminal. If there’s a ground wire, it will be a copper wire held in place by a screw on the same side as the neutral terminal.

Three-inch rule

It’s always better to have too much wire than not enough. There are wire extensions available if you end up cutting them short, but the wiring will work better if it is intact.

Hide gaps in drywall with oversized plates

When you’re installing electrical switches, it’s pretty easy to cut a hole in the drywall that is too big. Thankfully, there are oversized plates available at hardware stores that you can use to cover your switches.

Electrical Inspection and Testing: In-depth

All electrical installations or equipment will deteriorate with age and use. A regime of simple user checks and periodic inspection and testing in compliance with BS 7671 should identify defects before they pose a serious hazard and will ensure that equipment remains safe to use.

In residential care settings, managers will be responsible for arranging suitable inspection and testing for all electrical installations and equipment used at work. In domiciliary care, periodic inspection and testing will apply to any offices run by the organisation. It will also apply to portable equipment carried by care staff on home visits. Managers will not be responsible for arranging inspection and testing in service user’s homes.

Employers’ Duties

The main legislation relating to electrical inspection and testing activities is the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 (EAW) which apply to all work activities involving electrical equipment. They require that electrical systems and equipment must be maintained, so far as reasonably practicable, to prevent danger. All work on or near to electrical systems must be carried out in a safe manner and should be subject to appropriate risk assessment.

Under the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER), employers are responsible for ensuring that work equipment is suitable for its intended purpose, is maintained in an efficient state and is inspected as necessary in order to ensure that any deterioration can be detected and remedied in good time.

Where a risk assessment carried out under the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 identifies a significant risk to the operator or other workers from the installation or use of the work equipment, a suitable inspection should be carried out. This inspection should include, where appropriate, visual checks, functional checks and testing.

Equipment Covered

The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 apply to the inspection and testing of all items of electrical equipment including fixed or portable equipment.

The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER) cover any equipment that is “hard wired” (not connected by a plug and socket), and includes fixed installations, such as:

plant and equipment, including air conditioning, heating and ventilation systems, process equipment, lifts (goods and passenger) and electrically-driven lifting equipment (eg hoists)

controls systems, including switches, selectors, indicators and alarms.

The term “portable” in the context of electrical equipment is used to mean portable, movable or transportable. Typical items of portable and transportable appliances include:

handheld mains-powered tools used in buildings or grounds maintenance, including drills, pressure washers, etc

office equipment, including computers, monitors, printers, fax machines, photocopiers, shredding machines and vending machines

kitchen appliances (white goods), including fridges, freezers, microwaves, ovens and kettles.

What Things You Should Consider Before Installing Electrical Appliances?

Electrical installation is a composite structure of electrical apparatus which is installed to give continuous supply of electricity. You cannot imagine your life without electricity. It is highly recommended to use safe instruments that offer longevity. If you are thinking to build a new home, then you will need to establish stable power supply in homes and offices. You need to properly understand the wiring system which is required for your newly build home. You need to make a planned budget to avoid any extra expenses.

There are several government and private organizations which regulate this entire procedure of power installation. Their primary concern is to provide safety to avoid any mishaps and the appliances that they use have long durability. You have to appoint an efficient worker for proper installation

As you have to be very careful about safety norms, so you should take some measures during the electrical installation procedure. You have to get international standard materials so that disaster can be avoided. Most importantly you should chalk out a plan with electrical engineer who can guide you about feasible installation. A full-proof plan must be executed by a professional electrician. You must try to use more advanced materials and testing instrument. An electrician must provide adequate information on how the customer can take care of all electronic appliances. The installation requires proper maintenance to reduce the risk of emergencies.

Components used for electrical installation

Cable: It is one of the most important elements of electrical installation. The conductor is made of copper. But the flexible cable consists of aluminium. Electrician can make different sizes of conductors as per their need. They prefer 3 phase wiring for installation.

Switches: You must choose highly recommended switches and switchboards.

Switchgear: The switchgear is used for isolating and protecting electrical instruments. The circuit breakers are put inside the switchgear. When any disruptions appear, electricians de-energize this to find out the faults.

MCB: The MCB panel is used because if there is any accidental overloading, can provide protection without any hindrance. The tripping in the MCB panel denotes the intensity of overload. MCB can provide protection during short-circuits.

Alternative Current Distribution Board: This panel works as the main supply of electricity system. It can give protection during overload situation.

Junction Box: Electricity supply companies have made installation of junction box mandatory. It helps to prevent tampering in domestic households and offices.

Lightening Arrester: It consists of ground terminal and high-voltage terminal and it can protect the appliances from any damage during lightening or flashing.

Earthing: During the electrical installation, it is mandatory to install this earthing system. It is done to establish a connection with the ground. You can use this to save electrical appliances from lightening effect. Even it can prevent voltage faults and you can avoid the risk of hazardous incidents.

Emergency grid: Emergency electrical system can act an independent source of electricity supply. When the normal power grid malfunctions, this source can be used as an alternative to primary electric supply.

Motor starter: This device is used to reduce the intensity of current and then later to increase the supply of current and this also work as an overload shield.

Transformer: An electrical transformer is used to transfer high voltage current from one circuit to another circuit and it can maintain the frequency of power supply.

Water Testing Kits And Indoor Air Test Kits

Water testing and much more

Do you need a laboratory that will guarantee accuracy of results, reliability when it matters and staff who know their stuff. Then you have come to the right place. Do you struggle with labs and find it hard talk to someone who knows water inside out. We are the laboratory that can offer you the personal touch and go that little bit further to satisfy their customers requirements

Do you need a lab that will carry out any sampling and analysis you require including wastewater samples, drinking water testing, Legionella, Trade discharge effluents, Bergerhoff dust.

We have field scientists who can carry out site sampling, field measurements, pipe chlorinations, flow measurement and any other related site services.

Are you looking to get your well water or mains water tested to ensure they are safe to drink. Are you concerned that your water maybe contaminated with E.coli

How we do this, well let me explain.

We are a team of highly qualified staff that are capable of meeting your needs in our modern, fully calibrated environmental laboratory. Through the dedication of our team, we will ensure the reliability, accuracy and precision of results.

Municipal Drinking Water

Save time and money; reduce non-revenue water; react faster to changes in your water; and get more accurate results for your municipal drinking water throughout the entire treatment process.

solutions are designed to make drinking water analysis better, from plant to lab to field, giving you total confidence in the quality of your water.

overs all the drinking water testing parameters that you use to analyze and treat incoming raw water, filtration, disinfection and the distribution system

Drinking water quality analysis in source water for appropriate pre-treatment

Source water can be vulnerable to accidental or intentional contaminants and weather related or seasonal changes. Monitoring the quality of your incoming source water enables you to anticipate changes to the treatment process that are needed to react to storms, algal blooms, industrial discharge, chemical spills, reservoir stratification/destratification, construction activity, sewage spills and other natural or man-made occurrences.

Protect your budget and reduce operating costs, like electricity, chemicals, and sludge with effective monitoring of organics, and inorganic matter. Maintain the correct dosing for coagulants and respective pH adjustments. Test parameters such as: Total Organic Carbon TOC, TOC analyzer, Carbon analyzer, Bacteria in water, and Heterotrophic bacteria.

Water Testing and Environmental Analysis

Count on us for the tools you need to collect samples for water, wastewater, and soil testing. Find water testing products designed to detect hazardous chemicals or bacteria, monitor air quality, and more, all while saving you time, money, and worry.

Meet and maintain regulatory standards with our water and wastewater testing supplies, soil testing products, and air and gas monitoring devices. Shop benchtop pH meters, thermometers, water testing equipment and instruments, and more to complete your workflow.

Accurate environmental analysis is essential for complying with federal requirements. Wastewater discharge and treatment is regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which also administers the Clean Water Act (CWA) and the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES). NPDES issues permits to all wastewater facilities and directs them to protect the environment by establishing monitoring and reporting requirements and specific discharge limits.

To ensure drinking water quality, the EPA also established the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA). The EPA sets the standards and supervises the states, localities, and water suppliers who implement the standards. Most water and wastewater processing and purification takes place at the local level.

Buying or Selling a Home – Recommended Water and Radon Testing Recommendations

WHY TEST BEFORE BUYING OR SELLING A HOME

Preparing to sell a house can be a daunting process. There are a number of simple things the homeowner can do to make sure the process proceeds as smoothly as possible. We recommend the owner perform water and radon air testing prior to listing the home. If they have water treatment equipment that has not been serviced within the past year, it should be serviced before performing any water tests.

WHY TEST PRIOR TO LISTING?

Performing  water and radon air testing prior to listing is a good idea because:

Nearly all buyers will direct a home inspector to perform these tests.

Health-related drinking water standards are continually reviewed and changed.  A “good” test from ten years ago may not be “good” today.

Well water can change. Road work, a new well on adjacent property and other factors can cause the well water to change.

Identifying problems early means the seller can research solutions carefully and fix them prior to listing or prepare to negotiate with a buyer to resolve the issue.

WATER AND RADON TESTING RECOMMENDATIONS

At a minimum, we recommend a standard mortgage test plus arsenic, uranium, and radon. These are the most often requested tests by a buyer. If the house was built before 1986, you may want to consider performing a first draw lead sample. If you do not perform this test, be sure to be prepared to install a point of use system for lead in the event the buyer asks for this test and the results are high.

PREPARING THE WELL –

One of the most common water tests that fails is the test for bacteria.  This failure is caused by organic material in the well. Any organic matter that is allowed to enter the well will cause a bacteria  test to fail. Most of the time it is a simple matter of cleaning the well and making sure it stays clean.

DUG WELLS –

Remove the well cover and inspect the well for any organic material like roots, insect nests, spider webs etc. Clean these out of the well. Seal any holes that will allow any reentering of these items. Sanitize the well with bleach. Before any further water testing, use a chlorine test kit to confirm all the chlorine has been flushed from the well water.

Moisture found during a home inspection

There are several ways to test moisture found during a home inspection. First of which is with the use of a simple moisture meter. Most home inspectors have these tools. These home inspectors who do not use these tools should be avoided. A water intrusion specialist located near you can perform specialized tests which will determine whether a leak is active or not.

have signs of moisture within the home, companies like these are a great resource when you are in the home buying process. Consider these individuals to be moisture intrusion testing experts. In addition to providing expert opinion and analysis, they can also provide testing for windows, doors, decks, walls, and roof systems.

Most home inspectors do not possess the ability to determine whether stains found in a building is an active leak or not. Unless, however, its obviously leaking. Most time testing is necessary to confirm stains to be active leaks. Formal testing is a task for a water intrusion specialist. So who can call themselves a water intrusion specialist? Well, there are a bunch of people Try. They are more or less self-proclaimed water testing agencies

Home inspectors by-and-large, are generalists. As generalists, it’s not really their position to confirm or deny the likelihood that a stain or damage is an active leak. Most of these individuals are only certified at their job

You won’t find a home inspector with a state license. Its because they don’t exist. As water intrusion specialists, it’s my opinion that all stains or damage which resembles water intrusion should be ruled out. A company like ours possesses the tools and equipment needed to provide such a service.

How Payroll Service Could Help Your Company

How do you manage payroll?

What’s a Payroll?

Payroll is the process that companies go through to compensate everyone working for them. However, payroll isn’t as simple as just disbursing cash to a set of people. There are several components and parts in a payroll.

Your payroll system needs to be able to calculate and distribute the salary of every employee. On top of that, you also need to provide financial records to your employees with a breakdown of salary, tax, bonus, overtime pay, and holiday pays. This system will also be the one to check the attendance of your employees.

How To Manage Your Payroll Efficiently?

Now that you know the nature of payroll, here are some ways on how to efficiently manage your payroll.

For most small business owners, doing payroll is one of the most confusing, tedious and time-consuming business activities—but it’s also one of the most necessary ones! Problems can lower employee morale, tie up crucial company resources and run even the most successful business into the ground.

Here are six payroll tips that will help make payroll easier, more accurate and less of a hassle:

Register for an Employer Identification Number

Before you can start putting employees on payroll, you will need an Employer Identification Number (EIN). Just like your Social Security number (SSN) is to you as an individual, your EIN is a way to identify your small business for tax purposes.

Most, but not all, small business owners need to get an EIN before they can apply for licenses, file payroll taxes or even open a bank account. Depending on where your business is based, you may need to get a state-level EIN on top of your federal EIN.

Decide on Pay Schedule and Salary Status

Pay frequency and wage status are two of the key decisions you have to make as a small business owner. Let’s break that down:

  • Pay frequency, also known as pay schedule, is when you pay your employees and how often they get paid. Check federal and state laws to ensure that you are meeting your area’s minimum payday laws. The most common payroll schedules include weekly, bi-weekly and monthly payments. No matter what you pick, keep it consistent and pay on time.
  • Salary status is how wages are computed. You can choose between paying an hourly rate (nonexempt employees) or paying a salary (exempt employees). The right salary status is largely based on the individual needs of your small business as well as the employee’s position.

Understand and Abide by Wage Laws

No matter what, your business or company must be compliant with both federal and state laws. This means that you (or someone in your company) needs to understand what your legal and financial obligations are as an employer.

Make sure that you’re paying the right employment taxes/Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) taxes (i.e., Social Security and Medicare), the right local and state tax, and the right income tax per employee. Double-check your payroll process to ensure that every employee gets paid accurately and on schedule. Monitor your payroll tax deposits to ensure they keep to a regular schedule according to your tax liability.

Set up a Payroll System

A payroll system is any kind of system that helps you calculate and manage your employees’ paychecks. Generally, you have three options:

  • Manual: Some small businesses choose to do payroll by hand, mostly because of the cost savings. However, manual payroll is the most tedious and time-consuming, as well as the most prone to errors.
  • Outsourced: If you have the cash to spare, you can hire someone else to do your payroll for you. They will usually handle everything, from processing paychecks to handling tax deposits, payroll taxes, employment taxes, etc.
  • Software: Payroll software combines the best of both worlds—the cost-effectiveness and control of manual with the time-savings, accuracy and convenience of outsourced. Plus, most software today have comprehensive features, offering everything from storing information to calculating payroll tax and beyond. For example, Gusto is a FreshBooks integration that imports your payroll transactions automatically. It can help you make more accurate records without compromising speed.

When choosing the right payroll system for your business, it’s important to weigh several factors before making a decision. Always consider the following:

  • Budget: How much are you willing to spend on your payroll system? If you have a tight budget, then outsourcing your payroll is most likely out of the question. Keep in mind, however, that your time is valuable—it might be more cost-effective in the long run to spend a little more on your payroll.
  • Number of employees: Payroll is a lot easier for businesses with only a few employees. If doing payroll manually only takes you a couple of hours a week, then perhaps your system is working for you. The bigger and more complex your company, the more you’ll need some outside help.
  • Confidence: Do you have an accounting or HR background? How confident are you in your accuracy and payroll management skills? If the answer is “not very,” consider outsourcing the task or letting professional payroll software do it for you.

Outline Your Payroll Policy and Processes

Before running your first payroll, it’s important to establish a standard payroll policy. This ensures that everyone from management to HR to your employees is on the same page about how payroll works, when the payroll period is, how much they can expect to take home, and how benefits (leave, overtime, etc.) are paid.

Use a Time-Tracking System

A timekeeping system is a great way to manage your employees’ productivity and calculate their wages, especially if you’re paying hourly rates. It’s important to have a time-tracking system that’s both easy to use but difficult to manipulate. There are many different time sheet solutions, including systems that integrate right into your payroll system for even more accurate information across the board.

Stay Organized

Organization is essential when you’re hoping to maximize your payroll efficiency. When your payroll processing documentation is arranged in an orderly fashion, your tasks become much easier to complete in short order.

Your business also needs to be organized to avoid missing important dates. A payroll calendar could help you keep track of important dates, such as when you must remit payroll taxes or when certain forms are due.

Not only will this remind you of your deadlines, it also provides a visual reminder of when tasks need to be completed to meet those deadlines. With a calendar, you can plan your time more effectively and limit stress related to payroll tasks.

Considerations

Choose a consistent pay period, such as weekly, biweekly, semimonthly or monthly. Examine your state’s minimum payday laws; you may pay more often than the law requires but not less frequently.

Payroll System

Your payroll system enables you to process paychecks. If you process payroll in-house, using payroll software is more efficient than processing the entire payroll by hand. The software vendor generally has packages based on the size of your business. To save on time and money, you might outsource your payroll duties to a payroll service company. The provider processes paychecks and often handles your company’s payroll tax and benefits obligations. All you have to do is double-check the provider’s work.

Timekeeping System

To track your employees’ work hours, you may have workers fill out weekly time sheets or install a time clock. The latter is more efficient than the former because it’s not as easy for employees to fabricate time clock hours. Depending on what kind of time clock you have, you either calculate the punches shown on the time card, or the system performs the calculations for you.

Payroll Taxes

While doing payroll, you must withhold federal payroll taxes, including Social Security and Medicare, from your employees’ paychecks and pay your own share to the proper government agencies. You also withdraw federal income taxes, state income taxes — where applicable — and unemployment insurance contributions. For federal income tax withholding purposes, give your new employees a W-4 form to complete and return to you in time for their first paychecks. To stay on top of your federal tax obligations, consult Internal Revenue Service Circular E, “The Employer’s Tax Guide.” To determine your state and local liabilities, contact your state revenue agency or local tax assessor.

Employee Benefits

If you provide your employees with company benefits, such as health insurance, flexible spending accounts and retirement plans, the employee’s voluntary contributions to such plans are also handled by payroll. Your payroll or human resources staff may handle this area of your business, or you can hire a third party administrator. If you offer paid time off, such as bereavement, vacation, sick days and personal days, your payroll administrator can keep track of what’s being used.

Direct Deposit

The more paychecks you generate, you more checks you must track. Paychecks are susceptible to theft or misplacement. If this happens, issue a stop payment on the stolen or lost check and reissue another paycheck to the employee. You can avoid this possibility by establishing direct deposit with your bank and using payroll software that enables this option. Explain the advantages of direct deposit to your employees and encourage them to accept it.

Accounting

Payroll accounting is how you monitor the company’s payroll expenses. Through payroll accounting, you allocate wages, salaries, paycheck deductions and other expenses to the correct financial accounts. You also perform periodic reconciliation to ensure accurate paychecks, tax reporting and accounting.

Record Keeping

The federal and state governments have specific record-keeping laws for payroll. Although payroll software stores your payroll data, you can increase reliability by printing payroll reports at the end of each pay period and filing the hard copies in a secure area. The reports break down each employee’s gross-to-net wages for the pay period.

Why You Need Professional House Cleaning Services

Are There Benefits to Having A Clean Home?

There are many benefits to having a clean home. Aside from being imperative for your overall health and wellness, there are a few other benefits to keeping your home clean.

Reduce Allergies

Regular cleaning is the best way to reduce dust and other irritating allergens from the home. Chores like sweeping, dusting and vacuuming dispose of dust, dust mites, pet dander, and a dozen of other allergens that cause cold and flu-like symptoms. People with allergies asthma and respiratory problems can relieve their symptoms and breathe easier by keeping their house clean.

Sanitation

Every time you clean the house with disinfectants, you are killing bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms that can compromise your health. Powerful cleaners target germs and bacteria like E. coli, staph, and salmonella. These are responsible for many foodborne illnesses and infections. Sanitizing surfaces in the kitchen, bathroom, and other areas of the house will help protect you from these potentially dangerous bacteria.

Reduces Mold

Keeping your house clean provides more opportunities to detect mold growth and fix the problem in a timely manner. Mold can wreak havoc on people’s health. It causes allergic reactions, cold and flu-like symptoms, asthma attacks, and other severe health problems. Regular cleaning and inspections help control and prevent mold growth.

Lowers Risks of Injury

Keeping your house clean and organized can reduce the chance of injury keeping things out of harm’s way. Leaving loose items around like toys may increase the risk of trips and falls. If there are stacks of boxes and other large piles can easily fall on top of someone and injure them. Organizing can make a huge difference in the overall safety of your home

How Often You Should Clean Your House From Top to Bottom

The people with the tidiest homes always say the same thing—to keep your space sparkling, you have to clean regularly. If you wait and let the dirt and grime pile up, what could have been a few minutes of daily cleaning is now a seven-hour event. But, that doesn’t mean scrubbing the toilet and dusting your shelves needs to happen every day

Kitchen

“If you are prepping food and cooking regularly keeping the kitchen clean daily is a must. Keep on top of dishes, wash counters, and sweep and spot-mop any spills when cooking is done for the day,” says

Surface areas:

“Dining room tables, breakfast nooks, or coffee tables—if food is consumed there, wipe it down to discourage bacteria growth and pests, and sweep any crumbs that have fallen onto the floor below,” says

Bathroom Sink

“This area gets a lot of action, from washing hands and brushing teeth to using makeup and hair products, which is why it benefits from a semi-weekly wipe down,” says

General clutter

“Set a 10-minute timer on your phone to tackle anywhere that shoes or clothes collect: entryways, bureau tops, or clothes chairs—we all have that clothes chair in the bedroom,” she says. “You’ll be amazed how quickly these spaces can be tidied up, and by giving them a little attention every few days, you’ll keep clutter to a minimum.”

Cleaning Supplies: List of House Cleaning & Laundry Vocabulary

household chores or whether you are at work and need to ask for a particular cleaning supply, knowing the English names of cleaning supplies will greatly benefit you. This can also be very handy vocabulary when you are out shopping, for example if you need to ask a store assistant for a certain product or item.

Cleaning Supplies List

Dish towel

Iron

Ironing board

Scrub brush

Cloth

Sponge

Laundry soap/ Laundry detergent

Bleach

Liquid soap

Rubber gloves

Trash can

Broom

Dustpan

Mop

Squeegee mop

Hose

Bucket

Laundry basket

Washing machine

How to Declutter Your Home: Creative Decluttering Tips

The idea of living a simple life with less stuff sounds attractive to many. But often, they begin to feel overwhelmed, anxious, and defeated around the idea of owning less. That’s too bad.

Learning how to declutter your home and (and as a result, decluttering your life) doesn’t need to be as painful as some make it out to be. And the benefits are numerous.

The Benefits of Decluttering Your Life

There are many benefits to owning fewer possessions. Even then, it’s tough to move into action. That is… until the many benefits of getting rid of clutter reveal themselves

Less to clean. Cleaning is already enough of a chore, but having to clean around things you have zero emotional attachment to (or worse, actively dislike) makes cleaning the house much more stressful.

Less to organize. Finding things suddenly become easier. Things don’t just “disappear” anymore. You can actually move around your home and enjoy the space, instead of moving around things that are in the way.

Less stress. Looking around at the clutter is a nausea-inducing sight once your home becomes cluttered enough. Wouldn’t it be nice to be able to look around and see a home you love?

Less debt. Spending less time shopping for material possessions and adding to the clutter means your wallet and bank accounts remain fuller, your credit cards’ statements are lower, and your home doesn’t get filled with costly things you don’t need.

Things in your house you should be cleaning but aren’t

I swear I’m not here to pile on, but if you’re already a neat freak and finding new things to clean is fun for you, you should definitely check out our list of the most often overlooked places that need cleaning in your house.

“showed the remote control’s surface is among the germiest” in a modern home. Researchers found that half of the remote controls tested were positive for cold viruses. Even if you’re only snacking on veggies and hummus while you watch TV, instead of a messier snack like Cheetos, you’re still definitely getting food particles on your remote. Or do you ever walk in the door and click on the TV without washing your hands first? Sure. Do you have little kiddos with icky hands or a messy roommate hanging around your living room?

You don’t always make a perfect shot straight into the trash can, do you? Sometimes it takes a bounce off the backstop, if you know what I mean. When garbage bounces off the rim of the can and hits the floor, you sweep, mop, or wipe, right? Well, don’t forget to do the same to the wall behind the can, which can collect icky splatters and smears.

You probably clean your fridge pretty regularly, and maybe even the inside of your freezer. But when is the last time you cleaned inside your ice maker? You get off easy if you just use manual ice trays, which can simply be thrown in the dishwasher between uses. But if you have a fancy freezer with an automatic ice maker, you’re probably overdue for a refresher.

Coffee is what keeps a lot of us going, but it isn’t without fault when it comes to germs. Is your formerly stellar drip coffeemaker starting to turn out coffee that has a little funk in its flavor? You probably wash the pot every day, but do you ever clean the inside mechanics of your coffeemaker?

Become Pro Active With Your Eye Care

Eye Care for Good Vision

People often believe that failing eyesight is an inevitable result of aging or eye strain. In truth, a healthy lifestyle can significantly reduce the risk of eye health problems. The Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS), published in 2001, found that certain nutrients — zinc, copper, vitamin C, vitamin E, and beta carotene — may reduce the risk of age-related decline in eye health by 25 percent.

This study was updated in 2013 to test different versions of the original formula. The variations included omega-3 fatty acids, zeaxanthin, lutein, and beta carotene; the study found that certain combinations may work better than others. Further studies agree that omega-3 fatty acids (including DHA), copper, lutein, and zeaxanthin are vital for eye health.

best foods for eye health

Organizations such as the American Optometric Association (AOA) and the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) continue to recommend nutrients for eye health based on the AREDS reports.

Fish

Many fish are rich sources of omega-3 fatty acids.

Oily fish are fish that have oil in their gut and body tissue, so eating them offers higher levels of omega-3-rich fish oil. The fish that contains the most beneficial levels of omega-3s include:

  • tuna
  • salmon
  • trout
  • mackerel
  • sardines
  • anchovies
  • herring

Some studies have found that fish oil can reverse dry eye, including dry eye caused by spending too much time on a computer.

Nuts and legumes

Nuts are also rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Nuts also contain a high level of vitamin E, which can protect the eye from age-related damage.

Nuts are available for purchase in most grocery stores and online. Nuts and legumes that are good for eye health include:

  • walnuts
  • Brazil nuts
  • cashews
  • peanuts
  • lentils

Seeds

Like nuts and legumes, seeds are high in omega-3s and are a rich source of vitamin E. Seeds are available for purchase in most grocery stores and online. Seeds high in omega-3 include:

  • chia seeds
  • flax seeds
  • hemp seeds

Citrus fruits

Citrus fruits are rich in vitamin C. Just like vitamin E, vitamin C is an antioxidant that is recommended by the AOA to fight age-related eye damage.

Vitamin C-rich citrus fruits include:

  • lemons
  • oranges
  • grapefruits

Leafy green vegetables

Leafy green vegetables are rich in both lutein and zeaxanthin and are also a good source of eye-friendly vitamin C.

Well-known leafy greens include:

  • spinach
  • kale
  • collards

Find out if you’re at risk for eye diseases

Getting older increases your risk of some eye diseases. You might also have a higher risk of some eye diseases if you:

  • Are overweight or obese
  • Have a family history of eye disease
  • Are African American, Hispanic, or Native American

Other health conditions, like diabetes or high blood pressure, can also increase your risk of some eye diseases. For example, people with diabetes are at risk for diabetic retinopathy — an eye condition that can cause vision loss and blindness.

If you’re worried you might be at risk for some eye diseases, talk to your doctor. You may be able to take steps to lower your risk.

Know your family’s health history. Talk with your family members to find out if they’ve had any eye problems. Some eye diseases and conditions run in families, like age-related macular degeneration or glaucoma. Be sure to tell your eye doctor if any eye diseases run in your family.

Ways to Take Care of Your Eyes Everyday

Eye problems can be easily prevented if you practice essential eye care habits everyday. Surprisingly, they are very practical and easy to accomplish yet they tend to be the most neglected.

To maintain your eye health and to keep your vision sharp, here are twelve things that should be part of your daily routine.

1. Avoid rubbing your eyes.

The hands are exposed to a lot of dirt, dust and bacteria, and all of these can be easily transferred to your peepers each time you touch or rub them. So avoid putting your hands to your eyes to prevent infection and irritation. If the habit is so ingrained on you, make an effort to get rid of it as soon as possible.

2. Practice frequent hand washing.

Wash your hands regularly to keep bacteria at bay and prevent them from getting in contact with your eyes, eyeglasses, and contact lenses.

3. Protect your eyes from the sun.

Exposure to sunlight and UV rays increases your risk for age-related macular degeneration and may cause cornea sunburn or photokeratitis. So aside from making a fashion statement and adding oomph to your overall look, put on those sunglasses to protect your eyes. If wearing them is not up your alley, UV-protected eyeglasses or contact lenses will do. Putting on caps, visors and hats are also advisable.

4. Stay hydrated.

Sufficient fluid intake is essential to your body’s overall wellbeing, including the eyes. If you’re hydrated enough, you prevent your eyes from getting dry and irritated.

5. Don’t smoke.

Smoking makes you more susceptible to age-related macular degeneration and other eye conditions such as cataract. Smoking can also damage the optic nerves, which can have adverse effects on your vision overtime.

6. Keep a balanced diet.

Beta-carotene, Lutein, Omega-3, Lycopene, and Vitamins C, A, and E are essential for maintaining your eye health. Make sure that your diet is infused with different foods that are rich in those nutrients.

7. Keep proper monitor distance and room lighting.

Computer monitors should be positioned about an arm’s length away from the eyes and 20 degrees below eye level. This keeps your eyes from getting strained. Likewise, make sure that you have sufficient but diffused lighting in your room. Focused and too bright lights may result to glare, and this can put too much stress on the eyes.

Take Care with Screen Time

Looking at computer, tablet, TV, and smartphone screens may make your eyes tired and cause eyestrain. Blue light from screens may also damage your eyes. Follow the 20-20-20 rule when logging screen time. This means for every 20 minutes you look at device screen, you should gaze at something that is at least 20 feet away for at least 20 seconds. Use good ergonomics when you are on the computer. Make sure that the screen is at eye level or slightly lower. Sit so you are at approximately 25 inches away from the screen. Make sure you have adequate lighting when you are on the computer. Screen filters are available to minimize glare.

Protect Your Eyes from the Sun

You know that ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun can burn your skin, but did you know they can also harm your eyes? Potential eye health problems that result from excessive UV sun exposure include cornea burns, cataracts, and macular degeneration. You may even develop skin cancer on the eyelids. Always wear sunglasses that block 99% to 100% of UVA and UVB ray when you are outside, even on cloudy days. Effective sunglasses do not have to be expensive. Read the label to see the level of protection against UV exposure that they offer. Remember that certain things reflect UV rays including concrete, sand, snow, and water. You can also rely on wide-brimmed hats and umbrellas to shield your eyes from harmful UV rays.

Guard Your Eyes at Work and at Home

Eye injuries are common at home and on the job. Every day in the U.S., approximately 2,000 people injure their eyes at work and require medical treatment. Experts estimate that more than 90% of eye injuries may be prevented if people wore adequate eye protection. Wear safety glasses when you are working on projects at work or at home that may send debris airborne and into your eyes. Wear protective glasses or goggles when playing sports that put your eyes at risk like lacrosse, baseball, softball, basketball, and racket sports. Polycarbonate lenses offer maximum protection because they are more resistant to impact than other materials.

Nourish Your Eyes

The same foods that are protective of blood vessels in your heart are also good for those in your eyes. Eat plenty of whole foods including grains, dark leafy greens, and citrus fruits. Nutrients like zinc, beta-carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin are especially protective for your eyesight. They help ward off age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or slow its progression if you already have it. Zinc-rich foods include oysters, poultry, and lean meat. Vegetarian sources of zinc include beans, peanuts, and peas. Beta-carotene is found in brightly-colored yellow and orange fruits and vegetables. Your body turns into vitamin A that benefits eyesight. Lutein and zeaxanthin are found in leafy greens like kale, spinach, and collard greens. Lower amounts of these nutrients are found in corn, green peas, broccoli, romaine lettuce, and eggs. Ask your eye doctor whether you would benefit from taking a daily vitamin and mineral supplement formulated to protect eye health.

Choosing Your Next Hot Engine Rebuilding

What is the difference between a rebuilt engine and a re-manufactured engine?

A rebuilt engine is one that is has several, but not all, of the major components replaced. Then, all of the exterior parts (alternator, water pump, power steering pump etc) are put back on. This is generally done by folks at your local shops and those of us willing to tackle such problems ourselve. If you bend a valve, the guys at your shop will say they need to “rebuild” your engine. They will probably put new ones on the side of the motor in which it broke and replace the gaskets and such needed to fix . They don’t replace the exterrior parts if they aren’t broken, and only those internally that are out of spec or the root cause of a problem.

A remanufactured engine is a much more reliable and precise process. The entire motor is stripped down to the block, surfaces are re-machined to the correct tolerances, cylinders are honed, sleeves are replaced, heads are re-surfaced, crankshaft, bearings, rods, cams, etc are all replaced with new parts. The external parts are all remanufactured and replaced as well.

Remanufactured is in a new-like condition, only resusing the block and other housing components. Rebuilt means something broke and it was corrected, often reusing 80% + of the original parts.

How is a Rebuilt engine better than a used engine?

Buying a car is one of the toughest decisions in one’s life because it not only costs money but also costs a lot of time and effort to search for a vehicle. This hunt of a car involves a lot of factors to be considered e.g. condition of the car features it will offer, the color of your choice, and definitely the engine size.

Apart from all other features, the engine size of a vehicle determines the future costs to be incurred on daily, monthly or yearly bases e.g. the fuel economy, MOT and repair bills and definitely the tax band which will be paid every year.

Although these are the factors that help the buyer to find his choice of vehicle and they decide on the price of the vehicle. But there is still an important factor involved in the buying process and it is the health and condition of the engine compartment which is the most major part of the vehicle

Benefits of a Rebuilt Engine

Here is a scenario for you. There is a strange “knocking” or pinging coming from the engine, or perhaps your check engine light is flashing, or oil pressure has just suddenly dropped. You have taken it to your mechanic and he has told you that you need to replace the engine. What do you do? Your first reaction may be “how am I going to afford to buy another car?”

Your vehicle engine is comprised of a number of moving parts that are subjected to incredible temperatures and pressures on a daily basis, which, not surprisingly after 100,000 miles or more (hopefully) can show signs of wear and tear even if properly maintained, if your vehicle is not regularly maintained or overheats excessively this timeframe can be significantly shortened.

When faced with major engine repairs you have a few options:

  • Trade the vehicle. Your trade-in (current vehicle) value is reduced because of the damaged engine. If trading for a used vehicle with a used engine you could be purchasing one with “unknown and potentially costly” maintenance issues. Also, new vehicles are expensive.
  • Patch job. Depending on the type of engine damage, you could consider fixing the specific problem. But, this is usually expensive and there are no guarantees that another engine-related failure won’t occur.
  • Used/Junkyard engine. You could swap your engine for a used engine from another vehicle. The downside is that you don’t know the history of the used engine. Although “used/junkyard” engines may be warranted, the labor to replace one with potential problems can escalate the engine repair bill.
  • Factory Remanufactured. These engines have been remanufactured/rebuilt at a factory. Many internal engine parts have been replaced with new ones. These engines have been tested and come with a warranty that usually covers installation expenses.
  • Custom Remanufactured. Here, your vehicle’s engine is removed and rebuilt. Like the factory version; many internal engine parts get replaced with new ones.

Why a car needs an engine Rebuild?

As it is stated earlier that a car needs an engine to be rebuild when its engine doesn’t produce adequate power to operate at least up to the standard. But the question is how to identify if an engine requires a rebuild.

Engine rebuild is a common repair process that is necessary for a car engine to perform well. There are a number of signs that determine the need for a rebuild but the most common sign are listed below;

  • If an engine starts knocking with the passage of time it determines that the engine needs a rebuild. Knocking is an awkward sound coming from the engine during the combustion process.
  • Excessive smoke from the tailpipe is also one of the major signs of a bad engine. But in this condition only thick and dark smoke and pure white and smelly smoke tells that it is the time of an engine rebuilt.
  • If an engine starts consuming engine oil e.g. a pint after every thousand miles, the engine needs a rebuild.
  • Misfiring according to the experts also a sign of bad engine but in this case, ignition system e.g. sparks plugs, ignition coils and spark plug wires might be the culprits.
  • Oil sludge on the oil pin determines the bad health of the engine. If oil pin has a sludge layer on it, the engine needs a rebuild.
  • Fuel economy is also a major factor that can clearly show the engine health. If the vehicle drinking too much fuel which is not usual, it determines that the engine is in bad condition now and needs a rebuild.

What an engine rebuilding process include?

Engine rebuilding process is a comprehensive maintenance process that includes full engine maintenance. It is an expensive and complete repair package an engine receives but still depends on the rebuilders that how they assess the health of an engine.

The job starts from the splitting the engine components apart and assessing the overall health of the parts e.g. if they require a replacement or not. The replacement process starts from rings and the valves job to reinstate the engine compression in one or more engine chambers. This job was done on the engine block and cylinder head. Sometimes, cylinder honing and piston rod bearing replacement include in the rebuilt process.

The philosophy of an engine rebuild is very simple, it includes repair or replaces whatever needed to be. If something is still able to give some more performance, it leaves the engine as it is, means good parts are not replaced in the engine.

The buyer will pay for what he gets, so if the engine is good, the price will be higher than others, if the engine is weak, the price will be lower. Generally, rebuild process includes engine cleaning, parts assessment, replacement of bad parts and components, to make sure the best performance of the engine.

Get Bat Out Of The House

Bats may carry virus, should we kill them all?

There are about 1,400 species of bats, accounting for roughly one-fourth of all mammal species. Such a large group of the animal takes important positions in the global ecosystem. Bats live almost all over the world, with only a few exceptions, such as the Arctic, Antarctic, and a few islands. Many of them feed on insects, including some agricultural pests.

Other tropical, herbivorous bats take the mission of pollination. They feed on flowers, buds, and fruits, thus help pollinate the plants. Plants provide food and shelter for other animals. In this sense, if bats were eliminated, the local ecosystem might collapse.

More than that, bats can fly so that they can bring seeds miles away, even farther. Many plant species rely on bats to pollinate and spread their seeds, including tequila, fig fruit, durian

There is no need to kill bats even for our own safety.

People believe bats carry rabies, Ebola, flu, and other viruses, including the novel coronavirus. The fact is, as long as they are not disturbed, bats are harmless to humans. The virus coexisting with bats would not spread into the human world as long as no one catches, touches, or eats bats. Most bats are nocturnal, and they will avoid encounters with the human. If men look for, try to kill, get bitten by bats, or touch their excrements, that may cause infection.

killing bats is senseless in this fight against novel coronavirus. Bats are the original host of the virus in the natural environment, but the virus has to mutate before it can spread to humans. In other words, the virus living on bats and the virus causing people sick are not the same kind. Besides, even for wild bats, the probability of carrying a virus is not as high as people assume.

How To Get Rid of Bats in Your Home

When you hear something rustling in your attic, it can be unnerving. Your first instinct may be to capture or kill whatever critter has invaded your home. This is a bad idea, however, when you have a bat in the house. Federal regulations are strict about bat relocation, so it’s best to leave it to the professionals. There are a few things that you can do to assist with the process, though.

Gather Information

Before you call for wildlife removal, you need to have a few key things to tell the professionals who will be handling the problem. First, find out where the animal is located. A bat will make a nest and leave droppings in any area it frequents. Search your attic and the eaves of your house for signs of nesting. You may see multiple bats or nests in your home, and this is useful information, too. Removing one bat is different from removing a whole colony. Be prepared to let the specialists know what kind of job they’re up against.

Call Experts

When you have a bat in the house, how you get rid of it is important. Certified removal experts have the training and experience necessary to get bats out of your home in a way that complies with all the relevant laws and regulations. Getting rid of bats also requires special equipment such as the right kind of trap. A cone-shaped trap, for example, guides bats out of your home but doesn’t give them a way back in. These traps allow them to escape unharmed but deny them the ability to return. Experts assess your pest situation and propose legal, humane suggestions for resolving it.

Bats in the house

Finding bats in your house

They do not make much noise or smell and their droppings soon crumble away to dust. They do not use bedding, or return with any insect prey to the house. Indeed, householders are usually unaware of them.

Whatever the age of your house, it is possible that bats will find somewhere to roost within, either in the roof space, under a roof tile or lead flashing, even between gaps in mortar or behind fascias and soffits. A roost is not likely to be used all year round, but bats will return at appropriate times each year to a traditional site.

All bats and their roost sites are fully protected by law, even if bats are not present all the time. If you have bats in your roof, their access must not be impeded.

If any problems are encountered with bats, or if any repair work to the roof is necessary, advice must be sought from the relevant statutory nature conservation agency.

It’s prime time for human-bat encounters. Here’s what to do if a bat gets in your house

During the 1980s and ’90s, he had his own bat-removal business and responded to calls from people panicked about bats getting into their homes — something that happens from mid-July to late August, when juvenile bats, born in the spring and learning to fly, wind up in places where they shouldn’t be.

For examples of this, see every vampire movie ever made. In real life, however, “A healthy bat won’t come after you or attack you or fly in your hair,” he says.

All of that said, some bats carry rabies. Actually, less than 1 percent of bats that are captured and turned over to the state for study are found to be rabid. “But it’s an extremely serious disease,”

Give it an opening

So what should you do if you’re hanging out in your living room watching TV and suddenly — oh my gosh! — a bat is circling above you?

To reduce your chances of coming into contact with the bat, carefully position yourself close to a wall; a bat’s flight pattern is such that it tends to go higher near walls and lower toward a room’s center.

Bats in your garden

Bats are active at night and so often go unseen. Bats found in Britian are predators of insects. Bat numbers have declined over the last 50 years and so they will benefit from steps taken to make gardens more bat-friendly. Bats are also recognised biodiversity indicators and their presence is an indication of a healthy, insect-rich environment

Which bats occur in gardens?

There are 17 species of bats in Britain. The more common species that use gardens for feeding or daytime shelter are the common pipistrelle, soprano pipistrelle, brown long-eared bat, noctule and Daubenton’s bat. Other species can also be present.

Food

All bats feed on insects, particularly those types that are active at dusk and during the night. In addition to moths, bats eat other insects, such as mosquitoes, midges and other flies, mayflies, some beetles, caddis flies, lacewings and other nocturnal insects. Bats mostly catch insects on the wing, using echo location to home in on their prey. They can sometimes be seen hunting around a light source where there is often a higher density of moths but the long term impacts of artificial lighting on wildlife (prey and predator) are not usually positive. Some bats will pick off insects that are resting on foliage.

Shelter

During the day, bats shelter in dark places (roosts), such as in hollow trees, roof spaces, under tiles and soffits, loose bark on trees, or in splits in the trunks and branches of trees. At different times of the year, bats will move between several resting places that are used as daytime roosts, maternity roosts where females give birth and nurse their young, and hibernation sites for the winter months.

Water

Some bats, such as Daubenton’s bat, specialise in swooping low over ponds and other water bodies where they feed on insects such as adult caddis flies, mayflies and other insects with aquatic larvae.